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Table 5 Immunomodulatory activities of Yin tonifying herbs

From: Enhancement of ATP generation capacity, antioxidant activity and immunomodulatory activities by Chinese Yang and Yin tonifying herbs

Fructus Ligustri Methanolic extract or petroleum ether fraction enhanced Con A-stimulated proliferation of mouse splenocytes in vitro and ex vivo [4,36]
Radix Asparagi Water extract inhibited TNF-α secretion by suppressing IL-2 secretion from astrocytes [39]
Radix Ophiopogonis Water extract inhibited xylene-induced ear swelling and carrageenan-induced paw edema in mice Active ingredients (ruscogenin and ophiopogonin D) decreased zymosan-induced adhesion of HL60 cells to ECV304 cells [40]
Herba Dendrobii Active ingredients (sesquiterpenes) showed a co-mitogenic effect on Con A and lipopolysaccharide-stimulated mouse splenocytes [41,42]
Radix Oryza Ethanolic extract of black rice (the fruit of Oryza sativa) decreased the extents of airway inflammation and hyper-response in OVA-immunized and aerolized OVA-challenged mice
Ethanolic extract of black rice decreased various cytokine levels in the supernatant of cultured splenocytes and suppressed the plasma levels of OVA-specific IgG and total IgE in OVA-immunized and challenged mice