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Table 2 Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics for the 68 participants

From: Duhuo Jisheng Tang for treating osteoarthritis of the knee: a prospective clinical observation

Definition Mean (SD)
Age (years) 59.2 (10.2)
Body mass index 24.0 (3.2)
Gender  
   % Male 37
Religion  
   % Buddhist 56
   % Christian 10
Marital states  
   % Married 82
   % Divorced/Widowed/Separated 15
Education  
   % Junior high or below 41
   % University or above 34
Pain in visual analogue scale 38.7 (21.5)
WOMAC Scoresa  
   Pain 22.2 (19.2)
   Stiffness 28.1 (24.9)
   Physical functioning 22.6 (18.0)
Flaccidity of the lower back and knees  
   % Mild 54
   % Moderate 32
   % Severe 13
Aversion to cold  
   % Mild 73
   % Moderate 12
   % Severe 15
WHOQOL-BREF Scoresb  
   Physiological domain 12.9 (2.4)
   Psychological domain 13.0 (2.2)
   Social domain 13.5 (1.9)
   Environment domain 13.5 (1.7)
  1. a WOMAC refers to the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index.
  2. b WHOQOL – BREF refers to the World Health Organization Quality of Life – brief version.