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Table 1 Species of Ginseng belonging to the genus Panax.

From: Pharmacogenomics and the Yin/Yang actions of ginseng: anti-tumor, angiomodulating and steroid-like activities of ginsenosides

Scientific name Common name (English name) Geographical distribution
Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer Asian ginseng
Orient Ginseng
Chinese Ginseng
Korean Ginseng
Red Ginseng
White Ginseng
Tartary Ginseng
Tartary Root
Kirin Ginseng
Korea
Japan
China
Russia
Germany
Panax japonicus C.A. Meyer Japanese Ginseng
ChiKu
East, Middle-south, South and South Yunnan
Japan
Panax bipinnatifidus Seem Feather-leaf bamboo ginseng
Feather-leaved bamboo ginseng
Hubei, China
Nepal
Eastern Himalayas
Panax notoginseng (Burkill) F.H. Chen Sanchi Ginseng
Tienchi Ginseng
Sanchu Ginseng
Notoginseng
San-qi ginseng
Tien-qi ginseng
Yunnan ginseng
Yunnan, Guangxi
Guangdong, China
Panax omeiensis J. Wen Omei ginseng Sichuan, China
Nepal
Eastern Himalayas
Panax pseudoginseng Wallich Himalayan Ginseng South Tibet
Nepal
Eastern Himalayas
Panax quinquefolius L. American Ginseng
Occidental Ginseng
Canadian Ginseng
Northeast, North, East China
Southern Canada
America (from Maine to Minnesota, south to Florida and west to Oklahoma)
Panax stipuleanatus H.T. Tsai and K.M. Feng Pingpien ginseng
Baisanqi
Tusangi
Yesangi
Zhujie qi
Southern Yunnan, China
Panax trifolius L. Dwarf ginseng
Groundnut
Ohio
Pennsylvania
Nova Scotia to Wisconsin and further south
Panax wangianus S.C. Sun Narrow-leaved pseudoginseng Sichuan, China
Panax vietnamensis Ha et Grushv. Bamboo ginseng
Vietnamese Ginseng
 
Panax zingiberensis C.Y. Wu and K.M. Feng Ginger ginseng
Ginger-like Pseudo-ginseng
Yunnan, China
  1. [References: 5, 8, 9, MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE-http://www.plantnames.unimelb.edu.au/Sorting/Panax.html#bipinnatifidus and Ginseng: A Concise Handbook. Edited by James A, Duke. Reference Publications, Inc. 1989. Michigan, USA]