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Table 1 Baseline participant characteristics

From: Reduction of chronic non-specific low back pain: A randomised controlled clinical trial on acupuncture and baclofen

Group Number of participant Age Education Pain duration (years) BMI Base RDQ score Base VAS score
High school or less Technical school College graduate
C 20 54.3 (4.2) 12 2 6 7 31 (3.5) 9.7 (4.4) 64.5 (19.3)
BA 20 55.1 (3.3) 13 2 5 6.7 29.2 (4.2) 9.8 (4.2) 64.5 (18.3)
AC 20 54.2 (5.4) 12 3 5 7.1 32.5 (3.3) 9.6 (3.9) 64.3 (17.8)
BA+AC 20 54.2 (5.6) 13 1 6 6.9 30.3 (4.1) 9.5 (2.8) 64.6 (16.8)
P-value   >0.7   >0.05   >0.4 >0.3 >0.5 >0.5
  1. Data are presented as mean (SD).
  2. BMI: body mass index