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Table 2 Association of demographic, socioeconomic and health related characteristics with choices for western medicine consultation and OTC medication

From: Use of chinese and western over-the-counter medications in Hong Kong

  Used western OTC medications only Adjusted Odds Ratio (95%CI) P values Choice between western medicine consultations and western OTC medications Adjusted Odds Ratios (95%CI) P values
Gender     
   Female Reference   Reference  
   Male 1.31 (1.17, 1.46) < 0.001 1.03 (0.96, 1.10) NS
Age     
   15-29 Reference   Reference  
   30-39 1.21 (1.02, 1.44) 0.032 1.09 (0.98, 1.22) NS
   40-49 1.28 (1.07, 1.53) 0.007 1.05 (0.94, 1.18) NS
   50-59 1.14 (0.93, 1.39) NS 0.90 (0.79, 1.02) NS
   60-69 0.93 (0.73, 1.19) NS 0.73 (0.63, 0.85) < 0.001
   70 or above 0.50 (0.38, 0.67) < 0.001 0.49 (0.42, 0.57) < 0.001
Education level     
   Below Primary Reference   Reference  
   Primary 1.42 (1.09, 1.84) 0.008 1.15 (1.01, 1.32) 0.047
   Secondary 1.35 (1.04, 1.75) 0.023 1.11 (0.97, 1.27) NS
   Tertiary 0.98 (0.72, 1.33) NS 0.84 (0.71, 0.98) 0.027
Marital status     
   Currently married Reference   Reference  
   Not currently married 1.00 (0.88, 1.13) NS 0.95 (0.88, 1.03) NS
Self reported health     
   Poor Reference   Reference  
   Good/fair 1.44 (1.15, 1.80) 0.001 1.44 (1.28, 1.62) < 0.001
   Excellent/very good 1.21 (0.93, 1.57) NS 1.19 (1.03, 1.38) 0.021
Self reported chronic disease status     
   No Reference   Reference:  
   Yes 0.10 (0.08, 0.13) < 0.001 0.82 (0.76, 0.89) < 0.001
Drinking habit     
   No Reference   Reference  
   Yes 1.03 (0.89, 1.21) NS 0.97 (0.88, 1.07) NS
Current smoker     
   No Reference   Reference  
   Yes 1.56 (1.38, 1.78) < 0.001 1.12 (1.02, 1.22) 0.010
Moderate exercise >=2.5 hours/week     
   No Reference   Reference  
   Yes 0.81 (0.72, 0.91) < 0.001 0.86 (0.80, 0.92) < 0.001
Possession of western medicine insurance (%)     
   No Reference   Reference  
   Yes 0.55 (0.47, 0.63) < 0.001 0.99 (0.91, 1.07) NS
Possession of Chinese medicine insurance (%)     
   No Reference   Reference  
   Yes 0.91 (0.71, 1.15) NS 1.12 (0.98, 1.27) NS
Monthly personal income (for every increment of HK$ 1000, or US$ 128.2) 0.98 (0.98, 0.99) < 0.001 1.00 (0.99, 1.00) 0.022
  1. NS: Statistically non-significant (p > 0.05)