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Table 1 Anti-proliferative effects (percentage viabilities) of raw and steamed P. notoginsen g extracts on the SNU449, SNU182 and HepG2 liver cancer cells.

From: Anti-proliferative effects of raw and steamed extracts of Panax notoginseng and its ginsenoside constituents on human liver cancer cells

P. notoginseng SNU449 SNU182 HepG2
% viability P value % viability P value % viability P value
Raw 80.0 (6.5) 0.018 97.1 (6.0) 0.613 100.0 (5.2) 0.974
Steamed 2 hours 81.1 (6.6) 0.019 80.2 (5.4) 0.008 82.4 (5.4) 0.013
Steamed 6 hours 75.0 (5.0) 0.003 66.6 (3.6) <0.001 55.9 (3.2) <0.001
Steamed 9 hours 52.5 (6.3) <0.001 28.7 (5.1) <0.001 47.2 (5.2) <0.001
Steamed 15 hours 38.8 (8.2) <0.001 26.0 (0.9) <0.001 26.3 (4.2) <0.001
Steamed 24 hours 17.5 (8.0) <0.001 21.1 (2.0) <0.001 18.9 (5.2) <0.001
  1. Note: The cells were exposed to the extracts at 250 μg/ml concentration. The P values are with respect to the vehicle control.