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Table 3 Ratings on 100 mm visual analog scales during phases of study (mean ± SD)

From: Effects of transcutaneous electric acupoint stimulation on drug use and responses to cue-induced craving: a pilot study

  Baseline Sham TEAS  
Cocaine
Anxiety 58.9 ± 12.7 53.2 ± 7.6 42.4 ± 16.1* P = .007
Mood 44.4 ± 24.9 60.5 ± 20.4 56.2 ± 21  
Concentration 45.7 ± 22.4 60 ± 22.1 59.6 ± 17.6* P = .045
Appetite 44.3 ± 19.5 53.3 ± 13.2 54.8 ± 21  
Sleep quality 50.8 ± 25.5 59.2 ± 19.8 54.9 ± 28.3  
Irritability 53.7 ± 16.5 46.4 ± 7.2 34.6 ± 21.6* P = .047
Tension & agitation 50.1 ± 17.7 32.8 ± 17.5 23.7 ± 17.2* P = .0004
Marijuana
Anxiety 26.3 ± 14.2 29.1 ± 18.4 25.9 ± 23.5  
Mood 48.8 ± 14.9 55.2 ± 18.4 54.1 ± 21.2  
Concentration 54.2 ± 20.8 55.5 ± 24.1 59.8 ± 22.8  
Appetite 43.7 ± 16.2 45.2 ± 22.8 49.5 ± 17.8  
Sleep quality 69.3 ± 14.9 63.6 ± 22.1 64.3 ± 21.1  
Irritability 32.0 ± 18.8 29.1 ± 18.2 22.3 ± 17.8* P = .05
Tension & agitation 26.5 ± 21.1 23.2 ± 19.1 12.0 ± 13.2* P = .05
  1. *Significantly different from Baseline.