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Table 1 List of medicinal herbs

From: Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of selected medicinal plants and fungi containing phenolic and flavonoid compounds

Herbs No. Plant name Family name Chinese name Herb part used Medicinal use
H1 Baccharis genistelloides (Lam.) Pers. Asteraceae Zhong jie feng leaf Gastritis, indigestion, heartburn, gallbladder stones, constipation, jaundice, diabetes, urinary tract infections (UTI), spleen dysfunction, liver disorders, fever and worms.1
H2 Physalis alkekengi L. Solanaceae Jin Deng Long fruit Sore throat and hoarseness of voice; cough with yellow sticky sputum; dysuria; external use for pemphigus and eczema.2
H3 Taraxacum mongolicum Hand-Mazz. Compositae Pu Gong Ying leaf, flower and stems Boils and sores, mastitis lymphadenitis, inflammation of eyes, sore throat, lung abscess, appendicitis, jaundice caused by damp-heat, urinary infection with difficult painful urination.2
H4 Lasiosphaera fenzlii Reich Lycoperdaceae Ma Bo fungus Sore throat, cough and hoarseness caused by wind-heat in the lung; epistaxis and traumatic bleeding in external application.2
H5 Belamcanda chinensis L. Iridaceae She Gan root Sore throat, cough and dyspnoea with expectoration of copious phlegm due to accumulation of toxic heat, phlegm and fire.2
H6 Tinospora capilipes Gagnep. Menispermaceae Jin Guo Lan root Swelling and pain of the throat, carbuncles and boils; diarrhoea, dysentery; epigastric hot pain.2
H7 Artemisia argyi Levl. & Vant. Compositae Ai Ye leaf Cold pain in the lower abdomen; menstrual disorders caused by cold; infertility; spitting of blood, epitasis, uterine bleeding in pregnancy, excessive menstrual flow or prolonged menstruation; external use for itching.2
H8 Morus alba L. Moraceae Sang Ye leaf Common cold due to -wind-heat, dry cough due to heat in the lung dizziness, headache, inflammation of the eye, blurred vision.2
H9 Prunella vulgaris L. Labiatae Xia Ku Cao fruit-spike Inflammation of the eyes, ophthalmalgia at night, headache and dizziness; scrofula, goitre, mastitis with swelling and pain, hyperplasia of breast; hypertension.2
H10 Lophatherum gracile Brongn Gramineae Dan Zhu Ye leaf Restlessness and thirst in febrile diseases, ulcers of the tongue and the mouth, swelling and pain of gingiva, pharyngolaryngitis, oliguria, phlegmonosis and odynuria, dysuria with dark urine, and painful urination.2
H11 Cordyceps militaris L. Clavicipitaceae Dong Chong Xia Cao fungus Chronic cough and asthma; haemoptysis in phthisis; impotence and seminal emission with aching of loins and knees.2
H12 Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi. Labiatae Huang Qin root Oppressed feeling in the chest, nausea and vomiting in epidemic febrile diseases caused by damp-heat or summer-heat; feeling of stuffiness in the abdomen, acute dysentery or jaundice caused by damp-heat; cough due to heat in the lung; high fever with dire thirst; spitting of blood and epitasis due to heat in blood; carbuncles and sores; threatened abortion.2
H13 Platycodon grandiflora (Jacq.) A.DC. Campanulaceae Jie Geng root Cough with much phlegm, sore throat, hoarseness; pulmonary abscesses with pus running abscess difficult to burst after suppuration.2
H14 Epimedium brevicornum Maxim Berberidaceae Yin Yang Huo leaf Impotence, seminal emission, weakness of the limbs; rheumatic or rheumatoid arthralgia with numbness and muscle contracture; climacteric hypertension.2
H15 Conyza Bonariensis (L.) Cronquist Asteraceae   whole plant Diuretic.1
  1. 1Campos, N (2006). Chapter: Carqueja. Aprendendo com a Mae Terra – Plantas Medicinais, Aromáticas e Condimentares. Sao Paulo, Brazil. Arte & Ciencia. p59.
  2. Unless specified, information on medicinal function was obtained from China Pharmacopoeia Committee (2005).
  3. 2Pharmacopoeia of the People’s Republic of China (Vol. 1). Beijing: China Chemical Industry Press.