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Table 3 Canonical pathways induced by frankincense and sandalwood essential oils treatment

From: Differential effects of selective frankincense (Ru Xiang) essential oil versus non-selective sandalwood (Tan Xiang) essential oil on cultured bladder cancer cells: a microarray and bioinformatics study

Canonical pathways Unique to frankincense oil Common genes Unique to sandalwood oil
Aryl hydrocarbon receptor signaling (6.61E-05) AHR, CDKN1A, FOS, IL1A, IL6, JUN, MYC --- ---
NRF2-mediated oxidative stress response (1.58E-03) DNAJA4, DNAJB1, DNAJB4, FOS, JUN, JUNB --- ---
ATM signaling (1.74E-05) --- --- CDKN1A, GADD45A, GADD45B, JUN, RAD50, TLK1
p38 MAPK signaling (6.92E-06 - 7.94E-05) JMJD7-PLA2G4B DDIT3, DUSP1, DUSP10, IL1A, IRAK2, MYC HIST2H3D
p53 signaling (2.75E-02 - 3.98E-04) PRKDC CDKN1A, JUN CASP6, GADD45A, GADD45B, PMAIP1
IL-6 signaling (5.25E-05 - 4.17E-04) FOS IL1A, IL6, IL6ST, IL8, JUN CEBPB
HMGB1 signaling (5.89E-04 - 3.16E-03) FOS IL1A, IL8, JUN, RND3 RAGE