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Table 3 Chinese medicines recommended for the treatment of HMFD by the Chinese government

From: Chinese herbal medicines as a source of molecules with anti-enterovirus 71 activity

Classification of HMFD CM syndrome Chinese medicine Composition
General Dampness and heat in lung and spleen Gan Lu Xiao Du Dan decoction Forsythia suspense (Lian Qiao), Lonicera japonica (Jin Yin Hua), Scutellaria baicalensis (Huang Qin), Artemisia apiacea (Qing Hao), Fructus Arctii (Niu Bang Zi), Agastache rugosa (Huo Xiang), Eupatorium fortune (Pei Lan), Ricepaperplant Pith (Tong Cao), barley (Yi Mi), talcum (Hua Shi), Glycyrrhiza uralensis (Gan Cao), Imperata cylindrical (Bai Mao Gen)
Lan Qin oral liquid Indigowoad root (Ban Lan Gen), Scutellaria baicalensis (Huang Qin), Gardenia jasminoides Ellis (Zhi Zi), Phellodendron amurense (Huang Bai), Sterculia lychnophora (Pang Da Hai)
Xiao Er Chi Qiao Qing Re granule Forsythia suspense (Lian Qiao), Semen Sojae Praeparatum (Dan Dou Chi), Mentha haplocalyx (Bo He), Schizonepeta (Jing Jie), Gardenia jasminoides Ellis (Zhi Zi), Rheum rhabarbarum (Da Huang), Artemisia apiacea (Qing Hao), red peony root (Chi Shao), Areca catechu (Bing Lang), Mangnolia officinalis(Hou Po), Scutellaria baicalensis (Huang Qin), Pinellia ternate (Ban Xia), Bupleurum chinense (Chai Hu), Glycyrrhiza uralensis (Gan Cao)
Jin Lian Qing Re effervescent tablets Trollius chinensis (Jin Lian Hua), Folium isatidis (Da Qing Ye), gypsum (Shi Gao), Anemarrhena asphodeloides (Zhi Mu), Scrophularia ningpoensis (Xuan Shen), Semen armeniacae amarae (Ku Xing Ren)
Kang Bing Du oral liquid Indigowoad root (Ban Lan Gen), gypsum (Shi Gao), Arbados aloe (Lu Hui), Rehmannia glutinosa (Sheng Di Huang), Curcuma aromatic (Yu Jin), Anemarrhena asphodeloides (Zhi Mu), Acorus gramineus (Shi Chang Pu), Pogostemon cablin (Guang Huo Xiang), Forsythia suspense (Lian Qiao)
Stagnation and steaming of damp-heat Qing Wen Bai Du decoction Forsythia suspense (Lian Qiao), Gardenia jasminoides Ellis (Zhi Zi), Scutellaria baicalensis (Huang Qin), Coptis chinensis (Huang Lian), gypsum (Shi Gao), Anemarrhena asphodeloides (Zhi Mu), Salivia chinensis (Dan Pi), red peony root (Chi Shao), barley (Yi Mi), Dioscoreae hypoglaucae (Chuan Bi Xie), buffalo horn (Shui Niu Jiao)
Xin Xue Dan Lodestone (Ci Shi), gypsum (Shi Gao), talcum (Hua Shi), gypsum rubrum (Han Shui Shi), saltpeter (Xiao Shi), mirabilite (Mang Xiao), Gardenia jasminoides Ellis (Zhi Zi), Lophatherum gracile (Dan Zhu Ye), Cimicifugae foetidae (Sheng Ma), Andrographis paniculata (Chuan Xin Lian), pearl powder(Zhen Zhu Ceng Fen), Lignum aquilariae resinatrm (Chen Xiang), calculus bovis (Niu Huang), borneol (Bing Pian)
Re Du Ning injection Artemisia apiacea (Qing Hao), Lonicera japonica (Jin Yin Hua), Gardenia jasminoides Ellis (Zhi Zi)
Xi Yan Ping injection Andrographolide sulfonate
Dan Shen injection Salvia miltiorrhiza (Dan Shen)
Severe Toxic-heat stirring wind Ling Yang Gou Teng decoction Cornu saigae tataricae (Ling Yang Jiao), Uncaria tomentosa (Gou Teng), Gastrodia elata (Tian Ma), gypsum (Shi Gao), Coptis chinensis (Huang Lian), Gardenia jasminoides Ellis (Zhi Zi), Rheum rhabarbarum (Da Huang), Flos chrysanthemi (Ju Hua), barley (Yi Mi), Buthus martensi kirsch (Quan Xie), silkworm larvae (Bai Jiang Can), concha ostreae (Sheng Mu Li)
An Gong Niu Huang Wan Calculus bovis (Niu Huang), buffalo horn (Shui Niu Jiao), musk (She Xiang), borneol (Bing Pian), pearl (Zhen Zhu), cinnabar (Zhu Sha), realgar (Xiong Huang), Coptis chinensis (Huang Lian), Scutellaria baicalensis (Huang Qin), Gardenia jasminoides Ellis (Zhi Zi), Curcuma aromatic (Yu Jin)
Xin Xue Dan See above
Re Du Ning injection See above
Tan Re Qing injection Scutellaria baicalensis (Huang Qin), bear gall powder (Xiong Dan Fen), cornu gorais (Shan Yang Jiao), Lonicera japonica (Jin Yin Hua), Forsythia suspense (Lian Qiao)
Xi Yan Ping injection See above
Urgent Fading in heart-Yang, and lung qi Shen Fu decoction Panax ginseng (Ren Shen), Aconiti carmichaeli (Fu Zi), Cornus officinalis (Shan Zhu Yu)
Shen Mai injection Radix Ginseng rubra (Hong Shen), Ophiopogon japonicas (Mai Dong)
Shen Fu injection Radix Ginseng rubra (Hong Shen), Aconiti carmichaeli (Fu Zi)
Recovering Insufficient qi yin and residue of pathogenic factors Sheng Mai San Panax ginseng (Ren Shen), Schisandra chinensis (Wu Wei Zi), Ophiopogon japonicas (Mai Dong), Polygonatum odoratum (Yu Zhu), Artemisia apiacea (Qing Hao), Cydonia lagenaria Lois. (Mu Gua), Radix clematidis (Wei Ling Xian), Angelica sinensis (Dang Gui), loofah sponge (Si Gua Luo), Glycyrrhiza uralensis (Gan Cao)
Surgical Oropharyngeal ulcer Qing Dai San Borneol (Bing Pian), Mentha haplocalyx (Bo He), Acacia catechu (Er Cha), Glycyrrhiza uralensis (Gan Cao), Coptis chinensis (Huang Lian), borax (Peng Sha), Indigo naturalis (Qing Dai), Depositum urinae Hominis (Ren Zhong Bai)
Shuang Liao Hou Feng San Pearl (Zhen Zhu), calculus bovis (Niu Huang), borneol (Bing Pian), Coptis chinensis (Huang Lian), Sophorae subprostratae (Shan Dou Gen), Glycyrrhiza uralensis (Gan Cao), Indigo naturalis (Qing Dai), Depositum urinae Hominis (Ren Zhong Bai), gypsum rubrum (Han Shui Shi)
Bing Peng San Borneol (Bing Pian), borax (Peng Sha), cinnabar (Zhu Sha), weathered sodium sulfate (Xuan Ming Fen)