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Table 4 ONOO scavenging rate of constituents from 14 batches of processed HSW samples (n = 6)

From: Integrated chemometric fingerprints of antioxidant activities and HPLC–DAD–CL for assessing the quality of the processed roots of Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. (Heshouwu)

NO. Peak17 Peak 3 Peak 5 Peak 6 Peak 8 Peak 9 Peak 11 Peak 12 Peak 13 Peak 16 Total activity (µg)
S1 49.93 ± 0.64 69.52 ± 1.24 35.73 ± 1.80 5.01 ± 0.34 43.21 ± 1.33 94.37 ± 3.45 10.40 ± 0.19 3.97 ± 0.17 6.91 ± 0.44 49.05 ± 0.93 0.14***, ###
S2 51.72 ± 1.22 38.09 ± 0.45 90.57 ± 3.76 25.24 ± 0.56 68.83 ± 1.31 91.49 ± 1.37 28.39 ± 0.64 19.48 ± 0.04 21.67 ± 0.88 16.35 ± 0.35 0.15***, ##
S3 29.07 ± 0.65 65.71 ± 0.62 92.42 ± 0.79 60.95 ± 1.33 64.41 ± 2.19 95.39 ± 1.46 12.95 ± 0.45 3.57 ± 0.20 17.26 ± 0.12 6.75 ± 0.20 0.12***, ###
S4 59.74 ± 2.56 67.28 ± 2.61 93.61 ± 2.99 44.33 ± 0.51 67.33 ± 0.64 95.67 ± 4.10 28.38 ± 0.46 3.85 ± 0.10 8.83 ± 0.16 47.59 ± 0.13 0.15***, ###
S5 46.56 ± 3.78 50.42 ± 1.33 45.81 ± 0.79 8.83 ± 0.24 72.21 ± 3.10 97.15 ± 2.08 13.15 ± 0.88 3.84 ± 0.04 7.55 ± 0.30 19.82 ± 0.25 0.13***, ###
S6 42.32 ± 2.19 41.31 ± 1.28 80.45 ± 1.35 20.22 ± 0.11 77.98 ± 1.12 90.65 ± 3.48 15.57 ± 0.33 6.80 ± 0.06 18.21 ± 0.08 0.12***, ###
S7 18.97 ± 0.52 26.39 ± 0.77 55.57 ± 0.23 20.50 ± 0.38 39.47 ± 0.93 87.05 ± 2.13   27.03 ± 0.42 0.12***, ###
S8 22.70 ± 0.72 36.84 ± 0.09 16.73 ± 0.19 5.74 ± 0.10 42.08 ± 0.67 80.86 ± 2.79 3.37 ± 0.11 21.87 ± 0.61 0.1***, ####
S9 12.97 ± 0.79 32.39 ± 1.88 43.80 ± 1.04 22.23 ± 0.27 20.58 ± 0.88 86.27 ± 1.41 14.92 ± 0.31 0.1***, ###
S10 15.44 ± 0.66 7.04 ± 0.22 64.77 ± 0.39 21.13 ± 0.81 0.04***, ###
S11 8.09 ± 0.19 34.02 ± 0.21 4.94 ± 0.79 70.21 ± 1.03 27.52 ± 0.13 0.06***, ###
S12 15.23 ± 0.35 16.94 ± 0.16 84.77 ± 0.62 19.66 ± 0.33 19.46 ± 0.44 90.12 ± 1.08 20.67 ± 0.61 14.35 ± 0.37 18.39 ± 0.07 8.11 ± 0.76 0.10***, ###
S13 37.66 ± 1.67 36.12 ± 0.62 88.86 ± 1.34 32.31 ± 1.75 33.76 ± 0.36 93.50 ± 0.49 13.14 ± 0.66 13.55 ± 0.46 0.12***###
S14 33.40 ± 1.27 80.75 ± 2.36 83.45 ± 2.35 46.39 ± 0.26 39.91 ± 0.66 92.08 ± 0.48 8.21 ± 0.90 12.14 ± 0.10 28.29 ± 0.95 0.13**,###
  1. –Not detected; compared with S1 group, * P < 0.05,** P < 0.01,*** P < 0.01; compared with S4 group, # P < 0.05, ## P < 0.01, ### P < 0.001