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Table 1 Ethnopharmacology, pharmacological activities, and taxonomic classification of plants

From: Induction of apoptosis in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells by extracts of Lannea coromandelica (Houtt.) Merr. and Diospyros castanea (Craib) Fletcher

Scientific name (voucher specimen no.)a Part of plant Traditional uses/pharmacological activity
Diospyros castanea (Craib) Fletcher.
Family: Ebenaceae
Leaf Diospyros: lumbago, astringent, febrifuge, anti cancer activity, anti HIV activity, anti-inflammatory activity [14]
Fruit Diospyros: carminative, astringent, cure biliousness [14]
Seed Diospyros: sedative [14]
Bark Diospyros: bitter, astringent and febrifuge [14]
Lannea coromandelica (Houtt.) Merr.
Family: Anacardiaceae
Stem bark LC: elephantiasis, impotence, ulcers, halitosis, heart disease, dysentery, gout rheumatism [15]
Bark (ethanol, acetone) LC: wound healing, antimicrobial activity in the form of simple ointments [16]
Root bark, stem bark (crude methanol) LC: hypotensive activity [17], L. velutina: antioxidation activity [18]
Catunaregam tomentosa (Blume ex DC.) Tirveng.
Family: Rubiaceae
Crude (ethanol) R. cordifolia: diabetes mellitus, cancer, TB, antimicrobial, antifungal, hypotension analgesic, anti-malarial, antioxidant, anti-leukemic, mutagenic functions [19]
Erythrophleum succirubrum Gagnep.
Family: Leguminosae-Caesalpinioideae
Bark (methanol) ES: anticancer activity [20]
Bombax anceps Pierre var. anceps
Family: Bombacaceae
Crude (methanol) B. ceiba: antioxidant activity [21]
Root (H2O/acetone) B. malabaricum: demulcent, diuretic, restorative, aphrodisiac, emetic properties, astringent, antifungal activity, cytotoxicity, anti-HIV activity [22]
Stem bark B. ceiba: anticancer activity and anti-inflammation [23]
Stem bark (methanol) B. ceiba: antiangiogenic activity [24]
  1. aTT-OC-SK Thaweesak Thitimetharoch, Orasa Chaichumporn, and Sureerat Kaewsaart