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Table 1 Typical processing methods and representative processed CHMs listed in CP (2015 edition)

From: Seeing the unseen of Chinese herbal medicine processing (Paozhi): advances in new perspectives

Processing method Excipient Representative processed CHM
Stir-frying (清炒) Stir-fried Ziziphi Spinosae Semen (炒酸棗仁)
Charred Crataegi Fructus (焦山楂)
Carbonized Rhei Radix Et Rhizoma (大黃炭)
Stir-frying with liquid excipients (炙) Yellow rice wine (酒) Wine-fried Rhei Radix Et Rhizoma (酒大黃)
Vinegar (醋) Vinegar-fried Curcumae Rhizoma (醋莪術)
Salt water (鹽) Salt-fried Alpiniae Oxyphyllae Fructus (鹽益智仁)
Fresh ginger juice (薑) Ginger-fried Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex (薑厚樸)
Refined honey (蜜) Honey-fried Astragali Radix (炙黃芪)
Stir-frying with solid excipients (炒) Wheat bran (麥麩) Bran-fried Dioscoreae Rhizoma (麩炒山藥)
Rice (米) Rice-fried Mylabris (米斑蝥)
River sand (砂) Zingiberis Rhizoma Praeparatum (sand-fried Zingiberis Rhizoma 炮薑)
Steaming (蒸) Ginseng Radix Et Rhizoma Rubra (Steamed Ginseng 紅參)
Yellow rice wine (酒) Wine-steamed Corni Fructus (酒萸肉)
Vinegar (醋) Vinegar-steamed Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus (醋五味子)
Boiling (煮) Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens and alume Arisaematis Rhizoma Preparatum (制天南星)
Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and lime Pinelliae Rhizoma Praeparatum (法半夏)
Stewing (煨) Straw paper (草紙) Straw paper-stewed Aucklandiae Radix (煨木香)
Wheat bran (麥麩) Wheat bran-stewed Myristicae Semen (麩煨肉豆蔻)
Water trituration (水飛) Water-triturated Cinnabaris (朱砂粉)
Calcining (煅) Calcined Haematitum (煅赭石)