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Table 1 Various polysaccharides in nature

From: Bioactive polysaccharides from natural resources including Chinese medicinal herbs on tissue repair

Polysaccharides Source Functions
Starch Plants Storage, drug adjuvant
Cellulose Plants Cell structure, food additives
Pectin Plants Food additives
Alginate Microorganism Drug adjuvant
Carrageenan Microorganism Food additives
Heparin Animals Animal tissue structure, therapeutic agents
Hyaluronan Animals Animal tissue structure, therapeutic agents
Chondroitin sulfate Animals Animal tissue structure
Heparin sulfate Animals Animal tissue structure
Chitin and chitosan Animals Tissue scaffolds