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Table 2 The polysaccharides derived from herbs in nature

From: Bioactive polysaccharides from natural resources including Chinese medicinal herbs on tissue repair

Polysaccharides Composition Source Physiological effects
Cellulose β-(1-4)-Linked-glucopyranose Grains, fruit, vegetables Cell structure, food additives, regulate bowel movement
Juniperus scopolorum polysaccharide β-Galactopyranose, and α-arabinofuranose Juniperus scopulorum Immunomodulatory effect to the murine macrophages
Konjac glucomannan polysaccharide β-(1-4)-Linked-glucose, β-(1-4)-linked-mannose Amorphophallus konjac plant Cholesterol lowering and immunoregulation
Chelidonium majus polysaccharide Galactose, mannose, glucose in the molar ratio of 5:4:1 Chelidonium majus An effective antitumor immunostimulator
Reishi polysaccharide Arabinose, rhamnose, xylose, mannose, glucose at the different ratios Ganoderma lucidum Stimulating the expression of inflammatory cytokines
Ginseng polysaccharide (1-4)-Linked homogalacturonan backbone Ginseng, the root of Panax ginseng Anti-rotavirus activity
Bletilla striata polysaccharide α-Mannose, β-mannose and β-glucose at the ratio of 2.4:1 Bletilla striata Modulating the function of macrophages
Eucommia ulmoides polysaccharide Mannose, galactose, glucose, arabinose, rhamnose, and galacturonic acid Eucommia ulmoides Binding PDGF-BB growth factor and anti-inflammatory effect
Astragalus polysaccharides Rhamnose, arabinose and glucose in a molar ratio of 1:6.25:17.86 The roots of Astragalus The effect of immunomodulatory
Pectin α-(1-4)-d-Galacturonic acid and rhamnose Plant primary cell wall Food additives