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Table 1 Chemical constituents identified from CF

From: Corni Fructus: a review of chemical constituents and pharmacological activities

No. Chemical class Compound name Chemical formula Exact mass References
  Terpenoids
1 Iridoids Sweroside C16H22O9 358.1264 [73]
2 Loganic acid C16H24O10 376.1369 [19]
3 Cornin C17H24O10 388.1369 [73]
4 7-Dehydrologanin C17H24O10 388.1369 [74]
5 Loganin C17H26O10 390.1526 [74]
6 7-α-Morroniside C17H26O11 406.1475 [75]
7 7-β-Morroniside C17H26O11 406.1475 [75]
8 7-α-O-Methyl-morroniside C18H28O11 420.1632 [75]
9 7-β-O-Methyl-morroniside C18H28O11 420.1632 [75]
10 7-α-O-Ethyl-morroniside C18H29O11 421.1710 [75]
11 7-β-O-Ethyl-morroniside C18H29O11 421.1710 [75]
12 7-α-O-Butyl-morroniside C21H34O11 462.2101 [43]
13 7-β-O-Dimethyl-butanedioate morroniside C23H34O15 550.1898 [76]
14 Logmalicids A C21H29O14 505.1557 [24]
15 Logmalicids B C21H29O14 505.1557 [24]
16 Cornusfuroside A C25H34O13 542.1999 [77]
17 Cornusfuroside B C25H34O13 542.1999 [77]
18 Cornusfuroside C C25H34O13 542.1999 [77]
19 Cornusfuroside D C29H34O15 622.1898 [77]
20 Secoiridoids Linalool C10H18O 154.1358 [78]
21 Linalool oxide C10H18O2 170.1307 [79]
22 Secoxyloganin C17H24O11 404.1319 [24]
23 Cornuside C24H30O14 542.1636 [74]
24 Triterpenoids Ursolic acid C30H48O3 456.3603 [74]
25 Oleanolic acid C30H48O3 456.3603 [15]
26 Arjunglucoside II C36H58O10 650.4030 [74]
  Flavonoids
27   Naringenin C15H12O5 272.0685 [74]
28 Kaempferol C15H10O6 286.0477 [79]
29 Kaempferide C16H12O6 300.0634 [80]
30 Kaempferol-3-O-β-d-galactopyranoside C21H20O11 448.1006 [24]
31 Kaempferol-3-O-β-d-glucoside C21H20O11 448.1006 [74]
32 Kaempferol-3-O-β-d-rutinoside C27H30O15 594.1585 [24]
33 Quercetin C15H10O7 302.0427 [79]
34 Quercetin-3-O-β-d-galactopyranoside C21H20O12 464.0955 [24]
35 Quercetin-3-O-β-d-glucuronide C21H18O13 478.0747 [24]
36 Quercetin-3-O-β-d-glucuronide methyl ester C22H20O13 492.0904 [24]
37 Quercetin-3-O-β-d-(6-n-butyl glucuronide) C25H25O13 533.1295 [15]
38 (−)-Epicatechin-3-O-gallate C22H18O10 442.0900 [15]
39 Isoquercitrin C21H20O12 464.0955 [80]
  Tannins
40   Gallic acid C7H6O5 170.0215 [74]
41 7-O-Galloyl-d-sedoheptulose C14H18O11 362.0849 [19]
42 Gemin D C27H22O18 634.0806 [6, 7]
43 Oenothein C C34H24O22 784.0759 [6, 7]
44 3-O-Galloyl-d-glucose C13H16O10 332.0743 [6, 7]
45 2,3-Di-O-galloyl-d-glucose C20H20O14 484.0853 [6, 7]
46 1,2,3-Tri-O-galloyl-β-d-glucose C27H24O18 636.0963 [6, 7]
47 1,2,6-Tri-O-galloyl-β-d-glucose C27H24O18 636.0963 [6, 7]
48 1,2,3,6-Tetra-O-galloyl-β-d-glucose C34H28O22 788.1072 [6, 7]
49 Tellimagrandin I C34H26O22 786.0916 [6, 7]
50 Tellimagrandin II C41H30O26 938.1025 [6, 7]
51 Isocoriariin F C34H26O23 802.0865 [6, 7]
52 Coriariin F C34H26O23 802.0865 [6, 7]
53 Rugosin B C41H30O27 954.0974 [6, 7]
54 Isorugosin B C41H30O27 954.0974 [6, 7]
55 Isoterchebin C41H30O27 954.0974 [6, 7]
56 Isorugosin A C48H34O31 1106.1084 [6, 7]
57 Rugosin D C82H58O52 1874.1894 [6, 7]
58 Isorugosin D C82H58O52 1874.1894 [6, 7]
59 Camptothin A C61H46O40 1418.1565 [6, 7]
60 Camptothin B C75H54O48 1722.1785 [6, 7]
61 Cornusiin B C48H30O30 1086.0822 [6, 7]
62 Cornusiin A C68H50O44 1570.1675 [6, 7]
63 Cornusiin D C75H54O48 1722.1785 [6, 7]
64 Cornusiin E C82H58O52 1874.1894 [6, 7]
65 Cornusiin F C95H70O62 2202.2325 [6, 7]
66 Cornusiin C C102H74O66 2354.2434 [6, 7]
67 Methyl tri-O-methylgallate C11H14O5 226.0841 [6, 7]
68 Dimethyl hexamethoxydiphenate C22H26O10 450.1526 [6, 7]
69 Trimethyl-octa-O-methylvaloneate C32H36O15 660.2054 [6, 7]
  Polysaccharides
70   Co-4    [8]
71 COP-1    [9]
72 COP-2    [9]
73 COP-3    [9]
74 COP-4    [9]
75 FCAP1    [81]
76 FCP5-A    [8]
77 PFCA-III    [8]
78 PFCC-I    [8]
79 SZYP-2    [8]
  Other compounds
80 Phenylpropanoids p-Hydroxycinnamic acid C9H8O3 164.0473 [74]
81 Caffeic acid C9H8O4 180.0423 [15]
82 Caftaric acid monomethyl ester C14H14O9 326.2556 [15]
83 Caffeoyltartaric acid dimethyl ester C15H16O9 340.0794 [76]
84 Sterols β-Sitosterol C29H50O 414.7067 [15]
85 Daucosterol-6′-malate C39H64O10 692.4499 [80]
86 Carboxylic acids Succinic acid C4H6O4 118.0266 [85]
87 Malic acid C4H6O5 134.0215 [85]
88 Methylmalic acid C5H8O5 148.0372 [74]
89 Citric acid C6H8O7 192.0270 [85]
90 Butoxysuccinic acid C8H14O5 190.1938 [15]
91 Furans 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural C6H6O3 126.0317 [73]
92 Dimethyltetrahydrofuran cis-2,5-dicarboxylate C8H12O5 188.0685 [79]
93 Mineral substances Ca, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Zn    [82]