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Table 1 The main constituents of Triphala and their potential therapeutic effects

From: Triphala: current applications and new perspectives on the treatment of functional gastrointestinal disorders

Botanical (Hindi name, English) Phytochemicals Percentage of phytochemical in each Triphala constituenta Indication for therapeutic usage References
Terminalia chebula (Harad, Chebulic Myrobalan) Gallic acid 0.024% (w/w) Constipation, hemorrhoid, skin disease, asthma, dysentery, uterine debility, anemia, diabetes, leukoderma, tumors and heart disease [1,2,3]
Tannic acid 0.011% (w/w)
Syringic acid 0.009% (w/w)
Epicatechin 0.006% (w/w)
Ascorbic acid 0.020% (w/w)
Chebulinic acid Unknown
Anthraquinone Unknown
Phosphoric acid Unknown
Terminalia bellerica (Baheda, Belliric Myrobalan) Gallic acid 0.005% (w/w) Cough, asthma, anorexia, vomiting, arthritis, fever, epilepsy, splenomegaly, piles, diarrhea, leprosy, brain tonic and laxative [2,3,4,5,6]
Tannic acid 0.004% (w/w)
Ascorbic acid 0.023% (w/w)
β-sitosterol Unknown
Ellagic acid Unknown
Chebulic acid Unknown
Mannitol Unknown
Oxalic acid Unknown
Galloyl Unknown
Galactose Unknown
Fructose Unknown
Phyllanthus emblica (Amala, Emblic Myrobalan) Ascorbic acid 0.036% (w/w) Diabetes, hysteria, jaundice, eczema, piles, diarrhea, menorrhagia, scurvy, rebuilds and maintains new tissues and increases red blood counts [3, 7,8,9,10,11]
Gallic acid 0.081% (w/w)
Nicotinic acid Unknown
Ellagic acid Unknown
Linoleic acid Unknown
Linolenic acid Unknown
Oleic acid Unknown
  1. aDried fruits of T. chebula, T. bellirica, and P. emblica were purchased from Charoensuk traditional manufacturing, Nakorn Pathom province and ground to powder, then, prepared in the ratio 1:1:1 [3]