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Table 1 Various tonics and their features

From: A preliminary review of studies on adaptogens: comparison of their bioactivity in TCM with that of ginseng-like herbs used worldwide

Classification Scientific name Immunity Neuroendocrine Anti-stress Anti-inflammatory Anti-age Hypolipidemic Hypoglycemic Anti-tumor References
Qi-supplementing medicines Panax ginseng C.A.Mey [42]
Codonopsis pilosula (Franch.) Nannf.   [63]
Pannax quinquefolius L.      [42]
Rhodiola crenulata (Hook.f. et Thoms) S.H.Fu     [48]
Astragalus membranaceus (Fisch.) Bunge.     [64]
Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch.      [65]
Acanthopan-ax senticosus (Rupr. et Maxim.) Harms    [13]
Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz.      [64]
Blood-supplementing medicines Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels      [64]
Fallopia multiflora (Thunb.) Harald.       [66]
Cynanchum otophyllum Schneid.       [67]
Yang-supplementing medicines Cuscuta chinensis Lam.        [68]
Epimedium brevicornu Maxim.      [69]
Psoralea corylifolia Linn.       [70]
Stachys geobombycis C.Y.Wu     [68]
Cynomorium songaricum Rupr.        [71]
Yin-supplementing medicines Asparagus cochinchinensis (Lour.) Merr.      [72]
Ophiopogon japonicus (Linn. f.) Ker-Gawl     [73]
Polygonatum odoratum       [74]
Fructus Ligustri Lucidi.        [75]
Cornus officinalis Sieb.et Zucc.        [76]
Lycium chinense Mill.    [77]