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Table 2 Based on the chemical composition, common tonics can be divided into following several categories

From: A preliminary review of studies on adaptogens: comparison of their bioactivity in TCM with that of ginseng-like herbs used worldwide

Category Specific tonics
Saponin Panax ginseng C.A.Mey.
  Panax japonicus C.A.Mey.
  Codonopsis pilosula (Franch.) Nannf.
  Codonopsis lanceolata (Siebold & Zucc.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex Trautv.
  Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch. ex DC.
  Eleutherococcus senticosus (Rupr. & Maxim.) Maxim.
  Ophiopogon japonicus (Thunb.) Ker Gawl.
  Asparagus cochinchinensis (Lour.) Merr.
  Cornus officinalis Siebold & Zucc.
  Trigonella foenum-graecum L.
  Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.
  Ziziphus jujuba Mill.
  Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L’Hér. ex Vent.
  Cynomorium songaricum Rupr.
  Ligustrum lucidum W.T.Aiton
Coumarin Psoralea corylifolia L.
  Clinopodium megalanthum (Diels) C.Y.Wu & S.J.Hsuan ex H.W.Li
  Lycium chinense Mill.
  Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch. ex DC.
  Eleutherococcus senticosus (Rupr. & Maxim.) Maxim.
  Panax ginseng C.A.Mey.
  Astragalus membranaceus Fisch. ex Bunge
Flavonoids Epimedium brevicornu Maxim.
  Astragalus membranaceus Fisch. ex Bunge
  Panax ginseng C.A.Mey.
  Eucommia ulmoides Oliver
  Psoralea corylifolia L.
  Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch. ex DC.
  Cuscuta chinensis Lam.
  Trigonella foenum-graecum L.
  Taxillus sutchuenensis (Lecomte) Danser
  Dendrobium nobile Lindl.
Alkaloids Trigonella foenum-graecum L.
  Epimedium brevicornu Maxim.
  Cistanche deserticola Ma
  Polygonatum odoratum (Mill.) Druce
  Phlomis umbrosa Turczaninow
  Ilex cornuta Lindl. & Paxton
  Allium tuberosum Rottler ex Spreng.
  Cuscuta chinensis Lam.
  Dendrobium nobile Lindl.
  Aconitum carmichaeli Debeaux
  Lilium brownii var.viridulum Baker
Volatile oils Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz.
  Alpinia oxyphylla Miq.
  Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels
  Clinopodium megalanthum (Diels) C.Y. Wu & Hsuan ex H.W.
  Psoralea corylifolia L.
  Epimedium brevicornu Maxim.
  Trigonella foenum-graecum L.
Amino acids Rehmannia glutinosa (Gaertn.) DC.
  Stachys geobombycis C.Y.Wu
  Asparagus cochinchinensis (Lour.) Merr.
  Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch. ex DC.
  Panax ginseng C.A.Mey
  Trigonella foenum-graecum L.
  Lycium chinense Mill.
Polysaccharides Astragalus membranaceus Fisch. ex Bunge
  Eleutherococcus senticosus (Rupr. & Maxim.) Maxim.
  Polygonatum sibiricum Redouté
  Panax ginseng C.A.Mey.
Other Fallopia multiflora (Thunb.) Haraldson
  Cynanchum otophyllum C.K.Schneid.
  Rehmannia glutinosa (Gaertn.) DC.
  Epimedium brevicornu Maxim.
  Eucommia ulmoides Oliver