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Table 1 Saponins reported from CR

From: Review of traditional uses, botany, chemistry, pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, and toxicology of Radix Cyathulae

No.Compound nameReference
13-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 → 3)-β-d-glucopyranosyl-28-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl oleanolic acidZhou et al. [18, 19]
23-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-[α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 → 3)]-β-d-glucopyranosyl-28-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl oleanolic acidZhou et al. [18, 19]
33-O-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 → 3)-β-d-glucuronopyranosyl-28-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl oleanolic acidZhou et al. [18, 19]
43-O-β-d-glucuronopyranosyl-28-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl oleanolic acidZhou et al. [18, 19]
53-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 → 3)-β-d-glucuronopyranosyl oleanolic acidZhou et al. [18, 19]
63-O-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 → 3)-β-d-glucuronopyranosyl oleanolic acidZhou et al. [18, 19]
73-O-β-d-glucuronopyranosyl oleanolic acidZhou et al. [18, 19]
83-O-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-[β-d-glucopyranosyl(1 → 3)]-β-d-glucuronopyranosyl-28-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl oleanolic acidZhou et al. [18, 19]
93-O-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 → 4)[β-d-glucopyranosyl-(1 → 2)]-β-d-glucuronopyranosyl oleanolic acid or
3-O-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl (1 → 3)[β-d-glucopyranosyl-(1 → 2)]-β-d-glucuronopyranosyl oleanolic acid
Zhou et al. [18, 19]
103-O-α-l-xylopyranosyl-(1 → 3)-β-D-glucuronopyranosyl-28-O-β-d-rhamnopyranosyl oleanolic acidMontoya et al. [20]
113-O-[α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-2)-β-d-glucuronopyranosyl]-28-O-[β-d-glucopyranosyl-(1-6)-β-d-glucopyranosyl] hederageninMontoya et al. [20]
123-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-β-d-glucuronopyranosy1-28-O-α-l-xylopyranosyl hederageninMontoya et al. [20]
133-O-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-4)-β-d-glucuronopyranosyl-28-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl hederagenin or
3-O-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 → 3)-β-d-glucuronopyranosyl-28-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl hederagenin
Montoya et al. [20]
143-O-β-d-glucuronopyranosyl-28-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl hederageninMontoya et al. [20]
153-O-α-d-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→3)-β-d-galactopyranosyl-(1 → 3)-β-d-glucuronopyranosyl hederageninMontoya et al. [20]
163-O-β-d-glucuronopyranosyl-28-O-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl hederageninMontoya et al. [20]
173-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-β-d-glucuronopyranosyl-28-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl gypsogminMontoya et al. [20]
183-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-[α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 → 3)]-β- d-glucuronopyranosyl gypsogminMontoya et al. [20]
193-O-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-β-d-glucuronopyranosyl 28-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl gypsogminMontoya et al. [20]
203-O-[α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 → 3)-(n-butyl-β-d-glucopyranosiduronate)]-28-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl oleanolic acidZhou et al. [18, 19]
213-O-[α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 → 3)-(β-d-glucuronopyranosyl)] oleanolic acidZhou et al. [18, 19]
223-O-[β-d-glucopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 → 3)-β-d-glucuronopyranosyl]-28-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl oleanolic acidZhou et al. [18, 19]
233-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl oleanolic acidZhou et al. [18, 19]
2428-O-β-d-glucuronopyranosyl-(1 → 4)-β-d-glucopyranosyl hederageninZhou et al. [18, 19]
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