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Table 3 Preparation name, main compositions, traditional and clinical uses, and references

From: Review of traditional uses, botany, chemistry, pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, and toxicology of Radix Cyathulae

Preparation nameMain compositionsTraditional and clinical usesReferences
Tianma Qufeng BupianCyathulae Radix, Rhizoma Rehmanniae, Radix Angelica Sinensis, Notopterygii Rhizoma Et Radix, Angelica Pubescentis Radix, Radix Aconiti Lateralis Preparata, Cinnamomi Cortex, Gastrodiae Rhizoma, Eucommiae Cortex, Scrophulariae Radix, PoriaWarm kidney nourishing the liver, dispel wind and relieve pain“Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2015)”, vol. 1a
Tianzhi KeliCyathulae Radix, Gastrodiae Rhizoma, Uncariae Ramulus Cum Uncis, Haliotidls Concha, Eucommiae Cortex, Taxilli Herba, Poria Cum Ligno Hospite, Polygoni Multiflori Caulis, Sophorae Flos, Gardeniae Fructus, Scutellariae Radix, Leonuri HerbaCalm the liver and suppress Yang, tonifying the liver and kidney, calm the nerves and improve intelligence“Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2015)”, vol. 1a
Zhongfeng Huichun WanCyathulae Radix, Prepared Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Prepared Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Carthami Flos, Persicae Semen, Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix Et Rhizoma, Spatholobi Caulis, Lonicerae Japonicae Caulis, Trachelospermi Caulis Et Folium, Prepared Pheretima, Prepared Eupolyphaga Steleophaga, Lycopodium Clavatum Herba, Prepared Scolopendra, Prepared Leonuri Fructus, Scorpio, Prepared Clematidis Radix Et Rhizoma, Prepared Bombyx Batryticatus, Chaenomelis Fructus, Bungarus ParvusActivating blood circulation to dissipate blood stasis, relaxing muscle and tendons and removing obstruction in the channels“Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2015)”, vol. 1a
Mlaoji WanCyathulae Radix, Auricularia Auricular, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Paeoniae Radix Alba, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Chaenomelis Fructus, Prepared Eucommiae Cortex, Dipsaci Radix, Atractylodis Rhizoma, Prepared Foeniculi Fructus, Aucklandiae Radix, Caryophylli Flos, Caryophylli Fructus, Prepared Olibanum, Poria, Smilacis Glabrae Rhizoma, Prepared Testudinis Carapax Et PlastrumTonifying the liver and kidney, dispelling dampness and dredging collaterals, activating blood and relieving pain“Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2015)”, vol. 1a
Fufang Dianjixueteng GaoCyathulae Radix, Kadsurae Caulis Extract, Dipsaci Radix, Carthami Flos, Sojae Semen NigrumActivating blood and nourishing blood and the kidney“Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2015)”, vol. 1a
Huoxue Zhuangjin WanCyathulae Radix, Aconiti Radix Cocta, Carthami Flos, Draconis Sanguis, Olibanum, Myrrha, Eupolyphaga Steleophaga, Pheretima, Scorpio, Cinnamomi Ramulus, Ginseng Radix Et RhizomaDispelling wind and activating blood, strengthen waist and tendons“Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2015)”, vol. 1a
Chuanlong Guci PianCyathulae Radix, Dioscoreae Nipponicae Rhizoma, Epimedii Folium, Cibotii Rhizoma, Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata, Lycii FructusTonifying the kidney and strengthen the bones, activating the blood and relieve pain“Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2015)”, vol. 1a
Tianjing Bushen GaoCyathulae Radix, Codonopsis Radix, Polygalae Radix, Epimedii Folium, Astragali Radix, Poria, Cibotii Rhizoma, Cistanches Herba, Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Morindae Offlcinalis Radix, Eucommiae Cortex, Lycii Fructus, Cynomorii Herba, Testudinis Carapacis Et Plastri Colla, Cervi Cornus CollaWarming the kidney and enhance Yang, replenishing vital essence and blood“Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2015)”, vol. 1a
Tongfengding JiaonangCyathulae Radix, Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix, Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex, Corydalis Rhizoma, Paeoniae Radix Rubra, Alismatis Rhizoma, Plantaginis Semen, Smilacis Glabrae RhizomaClearing heat and expelling damp, promoting blood circulation to remove meridian obstruction and relieving pain“Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2015)”, vol. 1a
Xihong Tongluo KoufuyeCyathulae Radix, Siegesbeckiae Herba, Carthami FlosDispelling wind and activating blood, dredging collaterals and relieving pain“Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2015)”, vol. 1a
Wan Nian Chun Medicinal LiquorRadix Cyathulae, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma Rubra, Lycii Fructus, Illicii Cortex, Polygonati Odorati Rhizoma, Cynomorii Herba, Cynomorii Herba, Epimedii Folium, Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Carthami Flos, Prepared Cibotii Rhizoma, Prepared Atractylodis Macrocephalae RhizomaInvigorating qi and strengthening spleen, nourishing essence and nourishing kidney, expelling wind and activating blood circulation, strong muscles and bones“Wei sheng bu yao pin biao zhun”, vol. 4b
Ren Shen Tian Ma Medicinal LiquorCyathulae Radix, Gastrodiae Rhizoma, Astragali Radix, Carthami Flos, Dioscoreae Nipponicae Rhizoma, Ginseng Radix et RhizomaInvigorating qi and activating blood circulation, relieving tendons and relieving pain“Wei sheng bu yao pin biao zhun”, vol. 3b
Jian Nao Bu Shen Pills/Oral SolutionCyathulae Radix, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Cervi Cornu Pantotrichum, Penis Canitis, Cinnamomi Cortex, Polygalae Herba, Arctii Fructus, Rosae Laevigatae Fructus, Eucommiae Cortex, Lonicerae Japonicae Flos, Forsythiae Fructus, Cicadae Periostracum, Dioscoreae Rhizoma, Polygalae Radix, Ziziphi Spinosae Semen, Amomi Fructus, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Ostreae Concha, Fossil Fragments, Poria, Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma, Cinnamomi Ramulus, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Paeoniae Radix Alba, Amomi Fructus RotundusStrengthening the brain and nourishing the kidney, replenishing qi and strengthening spleen, tranquilizing and sedating the mind“Wei sheng bu yao pin biao zhun”, vol. 21b
Qian Lie Shu Le GranulesCyathulae Radix, Epimedii Folium, Astragali Radix, Typhae Pollen, Plantaginis HerbaTonifying kidney and replenishing qi, removing stasis and promoting drenching“Wei sheng bu yao pin biao zhun”, vol. 12b
Shen Gui Lu Rong PillsCyathulae Radix, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Cervi Cornu Pantotrichum, Corni Fructus, Rehmanniae Radix, Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata, Paeoniae Radix Alba, Testudinis Carapax et Plastrum Praeparata, Trionycis Carapax, Asini Corii Colla, Eucommiae Cortex Praeparata, Dipsaci Radix, Asparagi Radix, Poria, Ziziphi Spinosae Semen, Succinum, Artemisiae Argyi Folium Praeparata, Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium, Alismatis Rhizoma, Myrrha Praeparata, Olibanum Praeparata, Corydalis Rhizoma, Carthami Flos, Croci Stigma, Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix, Celosiae Cristatae Flos, Halloysitum Rubrum, Cyperi Rhizoma, Glycyrrhizae Radix et RhizomaTonifying qi and kidney, nourishing blood and regulating menstruation“Wei sheng bu yao pin biao zhun”, vol. 3b
Shen Rong Gu Ben Huan Shao PillsCyathulae Radix, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata, Cinnamomi Cortex, Cuscutae Semen, Eucommiae Cortex, Curculiginis Rhizoma, Epimedii Folium, Cistanches Herba, Morindae Offlcinalis Radix Praeparata, Psoraleae Fructus Praeparata, Hippocampus, Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix, Actinolite, Actinolitum Brevifibrum, Astragali Radix Praeparata Cum Melle, Codonopsis Radix, Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma, Dioscoreae Rhizoma, Poria, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma Praeparata Cum Melle, Rehmanniae Radix, Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata, Testudinis Carapax et Plastrum, Testudinis Carapacis et Plastri Colla, Asini Corii Colla, Polygoni Multiflori Radix Praeparata, Corni Fructus, Lycii Fructus, Ophiopogonis RadixNourishing kidney and Yang, replenishing qi and solid body, strong tendons and healthy bone, nourishing kidney essence to prevent seminal emission“Wei sheng bu yao pin biao zhun”, vol. 11b
Zhuang Yao Xiao Tong YeCyathulae Radix, Lycii Fructus, Epimedii Folium Praeparata, Morindae Offlcinalis Radix, Dioscoreae Nipponicae Rhizoma, Pheretima, Clematidis Radix et Rhizoma, Cibotii Rhizoma, Siegesbeckiae Herba, Mume Fructus, Cervi Cornus Colla, Pyrolae Herba, Chaenomelis Fructus, Myrrha, Syngnathus, Eucommiae CortexStrengthen waist and kidney, dispelling wind and dampness, dredging meridians and relieving pain“Wei sheng bu yao pin biao zhun”, vol. 4b
Zhuang Gu Mu Gua Medicinal LiquorCyathulae Radix, Polygonati Odorati Rhizoma, Gardeniae Fructus, Chaenomelis Fructus, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Notopterygii Rhizoma et Radix, Angelicae Pubescentis Radix, Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium, Periplocae Cortex, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix, Carthami Flos, Taxilli Herba, Homalomenae Rhizoma, Leopard BoneDispelling wind, removing dampness, activating meridians and activating channels“Wei sheng bu yao pin biao zhun”, vol. 20b
Tian Ma Zhui Feng GaoCyathulae Radix, Gastrodiae Rhizoma, Zaocys, Cinnamomi Ramulus, Pini Lignum Nodi, Mori Ramulus, Ephedrae Herba, Clematidis Radix et Rhizoma, Typhonii Rhizoma, Aconiti Radix, Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix, Saposhnikoviae Radix, Dioscoreae Hypoglaucae Rhizoma, Menthae Haplocalycis Herba, Angelicae Pubescentis Radix, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Uncariae Ramulus Cum Uncis, Schizonepetae Herba, Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Stephaniae Tetrandrae Radix, Zingiberis Rhizoma, Carthami Flos, Asari Radix et Rhizoma, Ligustici Rhizoma et Radix, Psoraleae Fructus, Notopterygii Rhizoma et Radix, Olibanum, Myrrha, Caryophylli Flos, Borneolum SyntheticumDispelling wind and removing dampness, activating blood circulation and dredging collaterals, dispersing cold and relieving pain“Wei sheng bu yao pin biao zhun”, vol. 2b
Fu Ning WanCyathulae Radix, Leonuri Herba, Codonopsis Radix, Rehmanniae Radix, Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium, Linderae Radix, Paeoniae Radix Alba, Paeoniae Radix Alba, Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma Praeparata, Cyperi Rhizoma Praeparata, Poria, Aucklandiae Radix, Perillae Folium, Asini Corii Colla, Amomi Fructus, Scutellariae Radix, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Aquilariae Lignum ResinatumNourishing blood and regulating menstruation“Wei sheng bu yao pin biao zhun”, vol. 1b
Han Shi Bi TabletsCyathulae Radix, Atractylodis Rhizoma, Lonicerae Japonicae Caulis, Pheretima, Forsythiae Fructus, Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex, Coicis Semen, Saposhnikoviae Radix, Dioscoreae Hypoglaucae Rhizoma, Mori Ramulus, Stephaniae Tetrandrae Radix, Clematidis Radix et RhizomaDehumidification“Wei sheng bu yao pin biao zhun”, vol. 16b
Qiang Li Tian Ma Du Zhong CapsulesCyathulae Radix, Gastrodiae Rhizoma, Eucommiae Cortex, Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix Cocta, Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata, Angelicae Pubescentis Radix, Ligustici Rhizoma et Radix, Scrophulariae Radix, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Rehmanniae Radix, Visci Herba, Notopterygii Rhizoma et RadixDispersing wind and activating blood circulation, relieving tendons and relieving pain“Wei sheng bu yao pin biao zhun”, vol. 16b
Yu Xue Bi GranulesCyathulae Radix, Clematidis Radix et Rhizoma, Carthami Flos, Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Olibanum, Myrrha, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Curcumae Longae Rhizoma, Cyperi Rhizoma Praeparata, Astragali Radix Praeparata Cum MelleActivating blood circulation to dissipate blood stasis, dredging collaterals and relieving pain“Wei sheng bu yao pin biao zhun”, vol. 16b
Shi Re Bi PianCyathulae Radix, Atractylodis Rhizoma, Lonicerae Japonicae Caulis, Pheretima, Forsythiae Fructus, Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex, Coicis Semen, Saposhnikoviae Radix, Dioscoreae Hypoglaucae Rhizoma, Mori Ramulus, Stephaniae Tetrandrae Radix, Clematidis Radix et RhizomaDispelling wind and removing dampness, clearing away heat and swelling, dredging collaterals and relieving pain“Wei sheng bu yao pin biao zhun”, vol. 21b
Hua Mo Yan GranulesCyathulae Radix, Prunellae Spica, Ligustri Lucidi Fructus, Mahoniae Folium, Astragali Radix, Stephaniae Tetrandrae Radix, Coicis Semen, Smilacis Glabrae Rhizoma, Luffae Fructus Retinervus, Lycopi Herba, Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Siegesbeckiae HerbaClearing away heat and removing dampness and activating blood circulation to dredge collaterals“Wei sheng bu yao pin biao zhun”, vol. 18b
Xue Fu Sheng TabletsCyathulae Radix, Astragali Radix Praeparata Cum Melle, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Paeoniae Radix Alba, Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Ligustri Lucidi Fructus, Ecliptae Herba, Poria, Dioscoreae Rhizoma, Trichosanthis Radix, Moutan Cortex, Alismatis Rhizoma, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Rhei Radix et Rhizoma, Porcine SpleenInvigorating qi and nourishing blood, nourishing yin and cooling blood, removing stasis and detoxifying“Wei sheng bu yao pin biao zhun”, vol. 14b
Jin Mao Gou Ji PillsCyathulae Radix, Cibotii Rhizoma, Eucommiae Cortex, Chaenomelis Fructus, Mori Ramulus, Dipsaci Radix, Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix, Cinnamomi Ramulus, Pini Lignum Nodi, Piperis Kadsurae CaulisActivating meridians, strengthening tendons and strengthening bones“Wei sheng bu yao pin biao zhun”, vol. 8b
Dan Wang GranulesCyathulae Radix, Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Vaccariae Semen, Smilacis Glabrae Rhizoma, Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Scrophulariae Radix, Taraxaci Herba, Cinnamomi Ramulus, Astragali Radix, Myrrha, Alismatis Rhizoma, Spatholobi Caulis, Cirsii Japonici Herba, Gleditsiae SpinaRemoving stasis and activating pulse, clearing away dampness and clearing heat, relieving swelling and relieving pain“Xin Yao Zhuan Zheng
Biao Zhun”, vol. 69c
Guan Xin Tai PillsCyathulae Radix, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Astragali Radix, Rehmanniae Radix, Ophiopogonis Radix, Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus, Olibanum, Myrrha, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Liquidambaris Fructus, Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma, Leonuri HerbaInvigorating qi and nourishing heart and activating blood circulation“Xin Yao Zhuan Zheng
Biao Zhun”, vol. 32c
Zhuang Gu Zhi Tong CapsulesPsoraleae Fructus, Epimedii Folium Praeparata, Epimedii Folium Praeparata, Lycii Fructus, Ligustri Lucidi Fructus, Drynariae Rhizoma, Cibotii RhizomaTonifying liver and kidney, strengthening bones and relieving pain“Xin Yao Zhuan Zheng
Biao Zhun”, vol. 83c
Qian Zhi CapsulesCyathulae Radix, Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Rubiae Radix et Rhizoma, Angelicae Dahuricae RadixActivating blood circulation to stop bleeding, removing stasis and promoting growth, relieving swelling and relieving pain“Xin Yao Zhuan Zheng
Biao Zhun”, vol. 68c
Tong Luo Kai Bi TabletsCyathulae Radix, Strychni Semen Pulveratum, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Carthami Flos, Chaenomelis Fructus, Schizonepetae Herba, Saposhnikoviae Radix, ScorpioDispelling wind and dredging collaterals and activating blood circulation to dissipate blood stasis“Xin Yao Zhuan Zheng
Biao Zhun”, vol. 33c
Ba Wei Tong Jing TabletsCyathulae Radix, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Moutan Cortex, Paeoniae Radix Alba, Corydalis Rhizoma, Aucklandiae Radix, Persicae Semen, Cinnamomi RamulusPromoting blood circulation and regulating menstruation, removing blood stasis and relieving pain“Guo Jia Zhong Cheng Yao Biao Zhun”, vol. of the surgery and gynecologyd
Tong Feng Shu CapsulesCyathulae Radix, Rhei Radix et Rhizoma, Plantaginis Semen, Alismatis Rhizoma, Stephaniae Tetrandrae RadixClearing away heat, dampness and detoxification“Guo Jia Zhong Cheng Yao Biao Zhun”, vol. of the brain meridians and collaterals and limbsd
Gan Yue Pian TabletsCyathulae Radix, Codonopsis Radix, Polygoni Cuspidati Rhizoma et Radix, Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Bupleuri Radix, Hordei Fructus GerminatusSoothing the liver and strengthening spleen, regulating qi and activating blood circulation“Guo Jia Zhong Cheng Yao Biao Zhun”, vol. of the liver and galld
  1. aCited from “Chinese Pharmacopoeia”
  2. bCited from “Wei sheng bu yao pin biao zhun”
  3. cCited from “Xin Yao Zhuan Zheng Biao Zhun”
  4. dCited from “Guo Jia Zhong Cheng Yao Biao Zhun”