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Table 1 Alpha diversity of bacterial community in soils with or without biofertilizers

From: Biofertilizers regulate the soil microbial community and enhance Panax ginseng yields

Treatments Vegetative stage Flowering stage Fruiting stage Root growth stage
ACE Chao Shannon ACE Chao Shannon ACE Chao Shannon ACE Chao Shannon
CK 5322 ± 298b 4575 ± 91b 6.88 ± 0.05b 5560 ± 275a 4430 ± 188b 6.88 ± 0.08b 5166 ± 184b 4084 ± 138b 6.70 ± 0.03b 5568 ± 134a 4437 ± 153ab 6.91 ± 0.04a
T1-L 5675 ± 452b 4508 ± 56b 6.90 ± 0.07b 5541 ± 148a 4432 ± 100b 6.86 ± 0.06b 5555 ± 354ab 4476 ± 242ab 6.81 ± 0.05b 5505 ± 247a 4476 ± 191ab 6.92 ± 0.02a
T1-M 5491 ± 219b 4597 ± 155b 6.94 ± 0.07b 5624 ± 193a 4480 ± 172b 6.91 ± 0.05ab 5348 ± 193ab 4266 ± 148ab 6.81 ± 0.07b 5724 ± 98a 4698 ± 65ab 7.00 ± 0.03a
T1-H 5637 ± 169b 4529 ± 154b 6.91 ± 0.08b 5589 ± 232a 4462 ± 158b 6.86 ± 0.07b 5467 ± 242ab 4342 ± 198ab 6.81 ± 0.07b 5315 ± 143b 4277 ± 83b 6.86 ± 0.03b
T2-L 6168 ± 57a 4930 ± 33a 7.09 ± 0.02a 5875 ± 113a 4654 ± 119a 6.95 ± 0.06a 4966 ± 268b 4293 ± 59ab 6.81 ± 0.08b 5622 ± 86a 4516 ± 99ab 6.96 ± 0.05a
T2-M 6127 ± 89a 4940 ± 52a 7.07 ± 0.04a 5938 ± 55a 4783 ± 34a 7.00 ± 0.02a 5788 ± 181a 4613 ± 120a 6.95 ± 0.05a 5824 ± 68a 4726 ± 16a 7.00 ± 0.01a
T2-H 5870 ± 136b 4749 ± 46b 6.98 ± 0.02b 5836 ± 186a 4586 ± 312b 6.90 ± 0.04ab 5332 ± 124ab 4339 ± 134ab 6.80 ± 0.09b 5667 ± 143a 4515 ± 90ab 6.94 ± 0.05a
  1. CK represents the treatment without biofertilizers. T1-L, T1-M and T1-H present treatments with growth-promoting biofertilizers at low, middle, and high concentrations, respectively. T2-L, T2-M, and T2-H present treatments with disease-biocontrol biofertilizers at low, middle, and high concentrations, respectively. Data are presented as mean (n = 3) ± SD. Identical letters denote non-significant difference at 0.05 level