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Table 1 The authentic herbal materials and their corresponding nonauthentic herbal materials

From: Application of delayed luminescence measurements for the identification of herbal materials: a step toward rapid quality control

No Authentic herbal materials The corresponding nonauthentic herbal materials Similarities References
1 Cyperi rhizoma
(Cyperus rotundus L.)
Semiaquilegiae radix
(Semiaquilegia adoxoides (DC.) Makino)
Morphological appearance; color [24]
2 Atractylodis macrocephalae rhizoma (Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz.) Aucklandiae radix
(Aucklandia lappa Decne.)
Morphological appearance; characteristics [25]
3 Pulsatillae radix (Pulsatilla chinensis (Bge.) Regel) Rhapontici radix
(Rhaponticum uniflorum (L.) DC.)
Morphological appearance; color [26]
4 Ginseng radix et rhizoma (Panax ginseng C. A. Mey.) Phytolaccae radix (Phytolacca acinosa Roxb.) Morphological appearance; color; Chinese name [27, 28]
Glehniae radix (Glehnia littoralis Fr. Schmidtex Miq.)
5 Salviae miltiorrhizae radix et rhizoma (Salvia Miltiorrhiza Bge.) Dipsaci radix
(Dipsacus asper Wall. ex Henry)
Morphological appearance; color [29, 30]
6 Peucedani radix (Peucedanum praeruptorum Dunn) Saposhnikoviae radix
(Saposhnikovia divaricata (Turcz.) Schischk.)
Morphological appearance; characteristics [31]