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Table 4 Secondary metabolite of Penicillium in Ginkgo biloba

From: Endophytes from Ginkgo biloba and their secondary metabolites

No.MetabolitesCAS numberMolecular structureEndophytesApplicationReferences
12′-Deoxyuridine/uracil deoxyriboside951-78-0 Penicillium sp. YY-25Antimetabolite[29]
23-Methylorsellinic acid4707-46-4 Penicillium No. 97Antibacterial activity[29]
33-Methylpiperazine-2,5-dione6062-46-0 Penicillium sp. YY-24 [29]
4Adenine73-24-5 Penicillium sp. YY-22Dietary supplement[29]
5Adenosine58-61-7 Penicillium sp. YY-20Analgesic, antiarrhythmic[29]
6Anthranilamide88-68-6 Penicillium No. 97Fluorescent dyes[54]
7Anthranilic acid118-92-3 Penicillium No. 97Anticonvulsants[55]
8Cyclopaldic acid477-99-6 Penicillium commune (TMSF169) [56]
9Ferulic acid1135-24-6 Penicillium No. 97Free radical scavengers, anti-inflammatory agents, antihypertensive agents, anticoagulants[55]
10Fructigenine A144606-96-2 Penicillium No. 97Inhibits the growth of leukemia cells[55]
11Indole-3-acetic acid87-51-4 Penicillium No. 97Used for preventing, destroying or mitigating pests[55]
12Methyl β-d-ribofuranoside7473-45-2 Penicillium sp. YY-21Used to synthesize novel alpha-amino acid esters against herpes simplex virus 1 (hsv-1) and hepatitis b virus[29]
13Orsellinic acid480-64-8 Penicillium No. 97 [29]
14p-Hydroxybenzoic acid99-96-7 Penicillium No. 97 [55]
15β-sitosterol83-46-5 Penicillium No. 97Hypolipidemic agents[55]
16Quercetin glycoside (orange pigment)3520-72-7 Penicillium sp. [34]