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Table 1 The chemical information of major components of patchouli

From: Pharmacological activities and mechanisms of action of Pogostemon cablin Benth: a review

Chemical name Formula Type of compound Molecular weight (g/mol)
Volatile components
 Patchouli alcohol C15H26O Sesquiterpenes 222.37
 α, β-patchoulene C15H24 Sesquiterpene 204.36
 Patchoulene epoxide C15H24O Sesquiterpene 220.36
 α, β-Guaiene C15H24 Sesquiterpene 204.36
 β-Caryophyllene C15H24 Sesquiterpene 204.36
 Trans-Caryophyllene C15H24 Sesquiterpene 204.36
 β-Elemene C15H24 Sesquiterpene 204.36
 Pogostone C12H16O4 Pyrone 224.26
Non-volatile components
 Pachypodol C18H16O7 Flavonoids 344.32
 Retusine C19H18O7 Flavonoids 358.35
 Ombuin C17H14O7 Flavonoids 330.29
 Apigenin C15H10O5 Flavonoids 270.24
 β-Sitosterol C29H50O Phytosterols 414.72
 Stigmasterol C29H48O Phytosterols 412.70
 Isocrenatoside C29H34O15 Glycosides 622.58
 Tilianin C22H22O10 Glycosides 446.41
 3ʺ-O-Methylcrenatoside C29H36O15 Glycosides 624.59
 Dibutyl phthalate C16H22O4 Organic Acids 278.35
 Tschimganical A C11H16O3 Others 196.25