Skip to main content

Table 1 TCM principles and pattern diagnosis for the treatment of viral influenza-like disorders

From: Traditional Chinese herbal medicine-potential therapeutic application for the treatment of COVID-19

Clinical stage Common clinical symptoms Pattern diagnosis Treatment principle
Prevention Healthy or Asymptomatic Not applicable Support normal qi, supplement the organs
Early Mild symptoms including sore throat, cough, fever, headache, myalgia, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, shortness of breath Wind cold Release the exterior
Wind heat Release the exterior and clear heat
Intermittent cold and heat Dispel dampness
Late Any/all of the above with worsening pneumonia symptoms and worsening of laboratory and/or radiographic findings Damp heat obstructing the lung Eliminate damp-heat
Internal blockage of epidemic toxin Reduce toxic stagnation
Closed interior and abandoned exterior Rescue the exterior
Recovery Sequelae of symptoms Qi and yin deficiency Supplement and heal the lungs
Deficiency of lung and spleen Restore fluids and support lung and spleen