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Table 1 The chemical components identified in the “Sanse powder” water extract

From: Interventional effects of the direct application of “Sanse powder” on knee osteoarthritis in rats as determined from lipidomics via UPLC-Q-Exactive Orbitrap MS

(A) positive ion mode
No.ComponentsChemical formulaESI+, m/zRT (min)References
1ArginineC6H14N4O2175.11895 [M+H]+, 116.70, 175.19, 71.840.63[21]
2GentiopicrosideC16H20O9357.118003.20*
3Ferulic acidC10H10O4195.06519 [M+H]+, 176.91, 137.88, 120.883.20[21]
4StrychnineC21H22N2O2335.1754 [M+H]+, 222.04, 234.09, 264.103.66[22]
5BrucineC23H26N2O4395.19653 [M+H]+ 324.11, 367.17, 350.183.99[22]
6Strychnine N-oxideC21H22N2O3351.17031 [M+H]+, 334.24, 306.164.33[22]
7VomicineC22H24N2O4381.18088 [M+H]+, 324.14, 264.11, 306.175.06[22]
8RutinC27H30O16611.16066 [M+H]+, 257.24, 285.206.13[18]
9Forsythoside AC29H36O15647.19464 [M+Na]+, 347.17, 321.136.46[18]
10Pinoresinol-β-d-glucosideC26H32O11543.18368 [M+Na]+, 218.93, 289.137.10[18]
11PhillyrinC27H34O11557.19933 [M+Na]+, 291.25, 218.9610.38[18]
12Licorice-saponin G2C42H62O17839.40597 [M+H]+, 487.50, 627.3816.92[19]
13Senkyunolides AC12H16O2193.1223 [M+H]+, 193.11, 174.95, 146.9618.59[23]
14ImperatorinC16H14O4271.0964821.80*
15GlycycoumarinC21H20O6369.13326 [M+H]+, 191.11, 285.09, 148.8621.67[19]
16CurcyminC21H20O6369.1332621.67*
17LigustilideC12H14O2191.1066521.82*
183-ButylphthalideC12H14O2191.10665 [M+H]+, 191.07, 144.92, 172.9221.82[23]
19OstholeC15H16O3245.1172223.17*
20CryptotanshinoneC19H20O3297.14852 [M+H]+, 237.04, 251.65, 279.0725.89[20]
21Tanshinone IC18H12O3277.0859226.15*
22Senkyunolides PC24H30O4383.22168 [M+H]+, 383.32, 355.25, 365.2029.75[23]
23Tanshinone II AC19H18O3295.13287 [M+H]+, 249.13, 277.1130.06[20]
(B) Negative ion mode
No.ComponentsChemical formulaESI, m/zRT (min)References
1Loganic acidC16H24O10375.12857 [M−H], 213.06, 124.96, 112.861.25[21]
2Protocatechuic acidC7H6O4153.01824 [M−H], 81.08, 108.841.56[24]
3Chlorogenic acidC16H18O9353.08759 [M−H], 191.01, 173.932.44[24]
4PaeoniflorinC23H28O11479.154784.23*
5IsoorientinC21H20O11447.09219 [M−H], 327.04, 357.10, 429.204.76[21]
6Liquiritin apiosideC26H30O13549.16026 [M−H], 417.22, 297.13, 255.156.11[19]
7Lithospermic acidC27H22O12537.10275 [M−H], 295.21, 493.217.46[20]
8Dicaffeoylquinic acidC25H24O12515.11840 [M−H], 190.93, 353.137.64[23]
9Rosmarinic acidC18H16O8359.07614 [M−H], 341.15, 160.93, 196.94, 179.028.56[20]
10Salvianolic acid BC36H30O16717.14260 [M−H], 519.22, 321.2010.08[20]
11QuercetinC15H10O7301.0342711.05*
12Oleanoic acidC30H48O3455.3519735.31*
  1. * Compared with a standard. Other components were identified through comparison with m/z and mass fragmentation patterns reported in the literature