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Table 2 Genes in the chloroplast genome of R. laevigata, R. rugosa and R. canina

From: The chloroplasts genomic analyses of Rosa laevigata, R. rugosa and R. canina

Category Group of genes Name of genes
Self-replication Large subunit of ribosomal proteins rpl2*,a, 14, 16*, 20, 22, 23a, 33, 36
Small subunit of ribosomal proteins rps2, 3, 4, 7a, 8, 11, 12*,a, 14, 16*, 18, 19
DNA-dependent RNA polymerase rpoA, B, C1*, C2
rRNA genes rrn16Sa, rrn23Sa, rrn4.5Sa, rrn5Sa
tRNA genes trnA-UGC*,a, trnC-GCA, trnD-GUC, trnE-UUC, trnF-GAA, trnfM-CAU, trnG-UCC*, trnG-GCC, trnH-GUG, trnI-CAU, trnI-GAU*,a, trnK-UUU*, trnL-CAA, trnL-UAA*, trnL-UAG, trnM-CAU, trnN-GUU, trnP-UGG, trnQ-UUG, trnR-ACG, trnR-UCU, trnS-GCU, trnS-GGA, trnS-UGA, trnT-GGU, trnT-UGU, trnV-GAC, trnV-UAC*, trnW-CCA, trnY-GUA
Photosynthesis Photosystem I psaA, B, C, I, J
Photosystem II psbA, B, C, D, E, F, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, T, Z,
NADH oxidoreductase ndhA*, B*,a, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K
Cytochrome b6/f complex petA, B*, D*, G, L, N
ATP synthase atpA, B, E, F*, H, I
Rubisco rbcL
Other genes Maturase matK
Protease clpP*
Envelope membrane protein cemA
Subunit acetyl-CoA-carboxylase accD
c-Type cytochrome synthesis gene ccsA
Conserved open-reading frames ycf1, 2a, 3*, 4, 15