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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics and neurocognitive scores of the study subjects

From: The influence of TCM constitutions and neurocognitive function in elderly Macau individuals

  N (%) Neurocognitive scores #
Gender
 Male 55 (17.57) 18.42 ± 6.21
 Female 258 (82.43) 17.93 ± 6.27
Age
 ≤ 75 126 (40.26) 20.44 ± 4.98**
 ≥ 75 187 (59.74) 16.37 ± 6.49
Education
 Illiteracy 77 (24.60) 12.70 ± 5.36**
 Primary schools and below 174 (55.59) 19.04 ± 5.57
 Middle school and above 62 (19.81) 21.73 ± 4.85
Sleeping hours
 < 7 74 (23.64) 18.65 ± 5.77
 7–9 139 (44.41) 19.17 ± 6.00
 ≥ 9 100 (31.95) 15.94 ± 6.48
Exercise regularly
 No 74 (23.64) 16.72 ± 7.03*
 Yes 239 (76.36) 18.41 ± 5.95
Depression
 No 237 (75.72) 18.52 ± 6.12
 Yes 76 (24.28) 16.42 ± 6.42*
TCM constitutions
 Balance 86 (27.48) 19.90 ± 5.98*
 Qi-deficiency 17 (5.43) 17.94 ± 6.75
 Qi-depression 28 (8.95) 15.36 ± 6.74
 Dampness-heat 2 (0.64) 15.00 ± 9.90
 Special constitution 7 (2.24) 18.43 ± 6.85
 Phlegm-dampness 53 (16.93) 18.21 ± 5.83
 Blood-stasis 12 (3.83) 17.75 ± 6.20
 Yin-deficiency 73 (23.32) 16.77 ± 6.09
 Yang-deficiency 35 (11.18) 18.03 ± 6.24
  1. *P < 0.05 **P < 0.01
  2. # Reported as \(\stackrel{-}{\mathrm{x}}\)±SD