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Table 1 The ethnomedicinal uses of Fagopyrum dibotrys

From: Towards a better understanding of Fagopyrum dibotrys: a systematic review

Formulation Main components Ethnomedicinal uses
Wei Mai Ning Capsule F. dibotrys Promote blood circulation and remove blood stasis. Increase the effect and reduce the toxicity of cancer radiotherapy and chemotherapy
Ji Zhi Tang Jiang Houttuyniae, F. dibotrys, Ilicis Chinensis Folium, Asteris, Ephedrae, Peucedani, Aurantii Fructus, Glycyrrhizae Clear heat and transform phlegm; diffuse the lung and suppress cough
Fu Ping Jiao Nang F. dibotrys, Viola yedoensis makino, Rhizoma curcumae, Patrinia scabiosaefolia Fisch, Polygonum perfoliatum L., Sargentodoxa cuneata, Soldago decurrens Lour Remove toxicity for detumescence; clear heat for detumescence
Chang Xin Jiao Nang F. dibotrys, Hawthorn, F. tataricum Expel evil-wind and remove dampness; heat-clearing and detoxicating; eliminate stagnant blood
Jin Hua Ming Mu Wan Radix rehmanniae preparata, Semen cuscutae, Fructus lycii, Schisandra chinensis, Radix paeoniae alba, Polygonatum sibiricum red, Codonopsis pilosula, Rhizoma Chuanxiong, Chrysanthemum, Cassia obtusifolia, Semen plantaginis, Buddleja officinalis maxim, Endothelium corneum, F. dibotrys, Hawthorn, Cimicifuga foetida Reinforce liver and kidney; tonify kidney for improving eyesight
Jin Ci Can Jiu Zheng He Ji Rosa roxburghii, Sophora flavescens, F. dibotrys Nourish the stomach to improve the production of body fluid; improve the side effects of chemotherapy
Hong Jin Xiao Jie Nong Suo Wan Radix notoginseng, Cyperus rotundus, Dysosma versipellis, Armadillidium Vulgare, Black ant, Kadsura longipedunculata Finet et Gagn, Paederia scandens, Dahongpao, F. dibotrys, Radix Bupleuri Relieving the depressed liver; soften and resolve hard mass; promote blood circulation and remove blood stasis; reduce swelling and alleviate pain
Wu Jin Huo Xue Zhi Tong Pian Radix Paeoniae rubra, Viridifloric, F. dibotrys Promote blood circulation and remove blood stasis; remove obstruction in channels to relieve pain
Ge Shi Jiao Nang Puerariae, Astragalus, Herba epimedii Crneate lespedeza, F. dibotrys, Eucommia ulmoides, Rehmannia glutinosa, Scrophularia ningpoensis, Trichosanthin, Panax ginseng Supplement qi and nourish yin; promote the production of body fluid to quench thirst