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Table 1 The detailed traditional uses of Dianthus superbus L. as medicine

From: Dianthi herba: a comprehensive review of its botany, traditional use, phytochemistry, and pharmacology

Species Traditional uses Traditional Chinese medicine with the same traditional uses Refs
Dianthus superbus L Hemorrhoid and fistula Nepeta cataria L.; Lonicerae Japonicae Flos; Sophorae Flos; Gentiana macrophylla Pall.; Sophorae Fructus; Coptidis Rhizoma; Rehmanniae Radix; Notoginseng Radix Et Rhizoma; Astragalus mongholicus Bunge; Codonopsis Radix; Mume Fructus Ri Hua Zi Ben Cao, 1578 C.E. [107]
Cysts Astragalus mongholicus Bunge; Codonopsis Radix; Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix Et Rhizoma; Atractylodis Macrocephalae
Rhizoma; Sparganii Rhizoma; Curcuma phaeocaulis Valeton; Sophorae Flavescentis Radix
[88, 108,109,110]
Anti-early pregnancy Pinelliae Rhizoma; Carthami Flos; Arnebiae Radix [38, 111,112,113]
Diabetic nephropathy Dioscoreae Rhizoma; Cornus officinalis Sieb. et Zucc.; Alismatis Rhizoma; Persicae Semen [89, 114]
Chronic prostatitis Angelicae Sinensis Radix; Ginseng Radix Et Rhizoma; Epimedium brevicornu Maxim.; Tripterygium wilfordii Hook. f.; Ginseng Radix Et Rhizoma Rubra [90, 92, 115, 116]
Pelvic inflammatory disease Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix Et Rhizoma; Paeoniae Radix Rubra; Violae Herba; Taraxaci Herba [91, 117]
Vulnerary and Amenorrhea Angelicae Sinensis Radix; Cyperi Rhizoma; Ligusticum chuanxiong; Codonopsis Radix [93, 105, 118]
Gonorrhea Smilax glabra Roxb.; Kochiae Fructus; Portulaca oleracea L.; Hedyotis diffusa Willd [94, 106, 119]
Antiphlogistic and Diuretic Phyllanthus urinaria L.; LygodII Spora; Emilia sonchifolia (L.) DC [71, 78, 95, 120]