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Table 2 Activity of enzymes related to oxidative stress (n = 5)

From: Intake of flavonoids from Astragalus membranaceus ameliorated brain impairment in diabetic mice via modulating brain-gut axis

Groups Vehicle AGEs AGEs + TFA
SOD (mU/mg prot) 230.9 ± 0.2240 217.9 ± 0.2960** 223.7 ± 0.3405**##
MDA (nmol/mg prot) 0.8380 ± 0.006907 1.112 ± 0.01516** 1.036 ± 0.01266**##
  1. AGEs, Advanced glycation end products; TFA, total flavonoids of Astragalus membranaceus; SOD, Superoxide Dismutase; MDA, Malondialdehyde
  2. **p < 0.01, vs. Vehicle
  3. ##p < 0.01, vs. AGEs