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Table 3 Summarization of MSI application in TCM research

From: The application of mass spectrometry imaging in traditional Chinese medicine: a review

Medicinal plants Organs of plants Target compounds MSI techniques Refs.
Glycyrrhiza glabra Rhizome Flavonoids, Saponins MALDI [105]
Paeonia lactiflora Root Gallotannins MALDI [111]
Scutellaria baicalensis Root Flavonoids PALDI [135]
Tripterygium wilfordii Root Triterpinoids MALDI [104]
Fallopia multiflora
Fallopia multiflora var. angulata
Root Stilbene Glucosides, Anthraquinones, Flavonoids MALDI [136]
Curcuma longa Root Polyphenols MALDI [106]
Panax ginseng
Panax quinquefolius
Panax notoginseng
Root Triterpenoid Saponins MALDI [137]
Podophyllum hexandrum Root Alkaloids MALDI [138]
Aquilaria sinensis Stem Chromones MALDI [26]
Mentha piperita Leaf Flavonoids DESI [99]
Datura stramonium Leaf Alkaloids DESI [112]
Morus alba Leaf Flavonoid, Saccharides MALDI [140]
Ginkgo biloba Leaf Flavonoid Glycosides, Biflavonoids MALDI [141]
Cannabis sativa Leaf Phenolic Acids MALDI [144]
Hypericum olympicum
Hypericum perforatum
Hypericum patulum
Leaf, Flower Fatty Acids, Phloroglucinols, Flavonoids DESI [145]
Ligustrum lucidum Fruit Iridoids, Flavonoids, Phenylethanols, Triterpenoids MALDI [103]
Areca catechu Seed Alkaloids DESI [108]
Datura leichhardtii Seed Alkaloids LADI [112]
Ravuolfia serpentine Root, Stem, Fruit, Leaf Alkaloids DESI [100]
Salvia miltiorrhiza Root, Stem, Leaf Phenolic Acids, Quinones MALDI [102]
Ephedra sinica Root, Stem Alkaloids DART [146]