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Table 1 Effect of red clover extract on the microstructure and BMD of the OVX rats

From: Serum biomarker-based osteoporosis risk prediction and the systemic effects of Trifolium pratense ethanolic extract in a postmenopausal model

Parameters NC Sham E PomE T125 T250 T500
BMD (mg/cc) 366.33 ± 32.07 723.45 ± 53.81 a 433.33 ± 31.81 a 398.71 ± 17.35 404.95 ± 20.44 405.64 ± 2.34 406.59 ± 9.51
BV/TV (%) 1.58 ± 0.45 13.11 ± 2.24 a 2.51 ± 0.82 1.51 ± 0.66 2.78 ± 0.51 2.75 ± 0.84 1.98 ± 0.42
Tb.Th. (mm) 0.50 ± 0.03 0.47 ± 0.03 0.57 ± 0.03 a 0.53 ± 0.03 0.54 ± 0.05 0.59 ± 0.02 a 0.54 ± 0.04
Tb.Sp (mm) 0.09 ± 0.01 0.11 ± 0.01 a 0.08 ± 0.02 0.10 ± 0.01 0.08 ± 0.01 0.10 ± 0.02 0.09 ± 0.02
Tb.N (mm−1) 1.58 ± 0.06 1.81 ± 0.08 a 1.62 ± 0.10 1.61 ± 0.10 1.48 ± 0.02 1.51 ± 0.03 1.63 ± 0.09
  1. Results are presented as mean ± S.D
  2. aIndicate that the mean differs significantly from NC group based on one-way ANOVA, followed by Tukey’s post hoc test