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Table 3 Nomenclature and classification of selected Yang and Yin tonifying herbs *

From: Enhancement of ATP generation capacity, antioxidant activity and immunomodulatory activities by Chinese Yang and Yin tonifying herbs

Pharmaceutical name (Chinese pinyin) Plant part used Latin botanical name
Yang tonifying herbs   
Cortex Eucommiae (Duzhong) Bark Eucommia ulmoides Oliv.
Fructus Psoraleae (Buguzhi) Fruit Psoralea corylifolia L.
Herba Cistanches (Roucongrong) Whole plant Cistanche salsa (C.A. Meyer) G. Beck.
Herba Epimedii (Yinyanghuo) Whole plant Epimedium grandiflorum Morr.
Radix Dipsaci (Xuduan) Root Dipsacus japonicus Miq.
Radix Morindae (Bajitian) Root Morinda officinalis How
Rhizoma Cibotii (Gouji) Rhizome Cibotium barometz (L.) J. Sm.
Rhizoma Drynariae (Gusuibu) Rhizome Drynaria fortunei (Kunze) J. Sm.
Semen Cuscutae (Tusizi) Seed Cuscuta chinensis Lam.
Herba Cynomorii (Suoyang) Whole plant Cynomorium songricum Rupr.
Yin tonifying herbs   
Fructus Ligustri (Nuzhenzi) Fruit Ligustrum lucidum Ait.
Herba Dendrobii (Shihu) Whole plant Dendrobium nobile Lindl.
Herba Ecliptae (Mohanlian) Whole plant Ecliptae prostrata L.
Radix Asparagi (Tianmendong) Root Asparagus cochinchinensis (Lour.) Merr.
Radix Ophiopogonis (Maimendong) Root Ophiopogon japonicus (L. f.) Ker-Gawl.
Radix Oryzae (Nuodaogenxu) Root Oryza sativa L.
Rhizoma Polygonati (Yuzhu) Rhizome Polygonatum odoratum (Mill.) Druce
Semen Prinsepiae (Ruiren) Seed Prinsepia uniflora Batal.
Semen Sesami (Heizhima) Seed Sesamum indicum L.
' Fu Zheng ' herb   
Ganoderma (Lingzhi) Fruiting body Ganoderma lucidum (Leyss. Ex Fr.) Karst
Yin-Yang tonifying herb   
Cordyceps (Dongchongxiacao) Whole plant Cordycep sinensis
  1. *Adapted from Liang [17]