Skip to main content

Table 2 Chemical constituents of Forsythiae fructus

From: Chemistry and pharmacology of the herb pair Flos Lonicerae japonicae-Forsythiae fructus

No. Compounds Ref.
Phenylethanoid Glycosides
146 forsythoside A [84]
147 forsythoside B [85]
148 forsythoside C [85]
149 forsythoside D [85]
150 forsythoside E [86]
151 forsythoside F [86]
152 isoforsythoside [87]
153 forsythoside H [86]
154 forsythoside I [86]
155 forsythoside J [86]
156 R-forsythoside J [88]
157 S-forsythoside J [88]
158 R-suspensaside [88]
159 S-suspensaside [88]
160 S-suspensaside methyl ether [88]
161 calceolarioside A [89]
162 calceolarioside B [86]
163 plantainoside A [89]
164 suspensaside A [90]
165 lianqiaoxinoside B [54]
166 salidroside [91]
167 3,4-dihydroxyphenyl alcohol-8-o-β-D-glucopyranoside [90]
168 forsythenside A [35]
169 forsythenside F [35]
170 phenethylalcohol-β-D-xylopyranosyl-(1–6)-β-D-glucopyranoside [35]
Triterpenoids
171 isobauerenyl acetate [90]
172 ocotillone [90]
173 ocotillol acetate [90]
174 20(S)-dammar-24-ene-3β,20-diol-3-acetate [92]
175 oleanolic acid [93]
176 β-amyrinacetate [92]
177 ursolic acid [93]
178 2α,3α-hydroxyursolic acid [94]
179 2α,23-hydroxyursolic acid [93]
180 betulinic acid [95]
181 3β-acetylbetulinic acid [95]
182 2α-hydroxybetulinic acid [93]
183 -acetyl-20,25-epoxydammarane-24α-ol [96]
184 3β-acetyl-20,25-epoxydammarane-24β-ol [96]
185 onjisaponin F [94]
186 onjisaponin G [94]
Lignans
187 (−) arctigenin [97]
188 (−) dimethylmatairesinol [97]
189 (+) phillygenin [93]
190 (+) phillyrin (forsythin) [98]
191 (+) epipinoresinol [88]
192 (+) epipinoresinol-4-O-β-D-glucoside [98]
193 (+) epipinoresinol-4′-O-β-D-glucoside [88]
194 (+)-1-hydroxy-6-epipinoresinol [88]
195 (+)-1-hydroxy-6-epipinoresinol-4″-O-β-D-glucopyranoside [88]
196 7′-epi-8-hydroxypinoresinol [88]
197 (+) pinoresinol [88]
198 (+) pinoresinol-β-D-glucoside [99]
199 (+) pinoresinol monomethyl ether-β-D-glucoside [99]
200 (+)-1-hydroxypinordsinol [88]
201 (+)-1-hydroxypinordsinol-4′-O-β-D-glucoside [88]
202 (+)-1-hydroxypinordsinol-4″-O-β-D-glucoside [88]
203 8-hydroxypinoresinol [55]
204 isolariciresinol [55]
205 isolariciresinol-4-O-β-D-glucopyranoside [100]
206 isolariciresinol-9′-O-β-D-glucopyranoside [100]
207 (+)-isoolivil [100]
208 cedrusin [100]
209 benzenebutanoic acid [55]
210 olivil [97]
211 (+) lariciresinol [55]
212 forsythialan A [101]
213 forsythialan B [101]
Iridoid Glycosides
214 adoxosidic acid [90]
C6-C2 Natural Alcohols
215 rengyol [102]
216 isorengyol [102]
217 rengyoside A [91]
218 rengyoside C [91]
219 suspenol [84]
220 rengyolester [103]
221 rengynic acid [98]
222 rengynic acid 1′-O-β-D-glucoside [98]
223 rengyoxide [104]
224 rengyoside B [91]
225 rengyolone [91]
226 cornoside [104]
227 forsythenside B [90]
Flavonoids
228 quercetin [105]
229 hyperin [106]
230 rutin [105]
231 wogonin-7-O-glucoside [98]
232 hesperidin [106]
Alkaloids
233 rutaecarpine [107]
234 suspensine A [108]
235 (−)-egenine [108]
236 (−)-7′-O-methylegenine [108]
237 (−)-bicuculline [108]
238 octahydro-1H, 5H-dipyrrolo [1,2-a:1′,2′-d] pyrazine [109]
Others
239 stearic acid [16]
240 palmitic acid [16]
241 vanillic acid [90]
242 caffeic acid [90]
243 4-methoxycaffeic acid [100]
244 chlorogenic acid [106]
245 4-caffeoylrutinose [98]
246 suspenolic acid [98]
247 3-ethyl-7-hydroxyphthalide [67]
248 forsythenin [90]
249 tannic acid [110]