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Table 5 Secondary Outcomes (RQLQ score)

From: Acupuncture and herbal moxibustion for the treatment of ‘BiQiu’ (allergic rhinitis symptoms) in a Hong Kong Chinese medicine clinic: a randomized controlled trial

 Acupuncture and herbal moxibustion(N = 32)Acupuncture(N = 32)Waiting list(N = 32)Acupuncture and herbal moxibustion vs. acupunctureAcupuncture and herbal moxibustion vs. waiting listAcupuncture vs. waiting listP value+
n mean (SD)n mean (SD)n mean (SD)β (95% CI)P value*β (95% CI)P value*β (95% CI)P value*
Daily activities< 0.001
 Weeks 4292.7 (1.1)302.7 (1.3)293.9 (1.2)− 0.1 (− 0.8 ~ 0.6)0.775− 1.6 (− 2.1 ~ − 1.0)< 0.001− 1.5 (− 2.1 ~ − 0.9)< 0.001 
 Weeks 8293.1 (1.0)302.9 (1.4)283.9 (1.0)0.1 (− 0.5 ~ 0.8)0.728− 1.2 (− 1.7 ~ − 0.7)< 0.001− 1.3 (− 2.0 ~ − 0.6)< 0.001 
Sleep0.002
 Weeks 4291.4 (1.1)301.4 (1.4)292.1 (1.4)0.1 (− 0.7 ~ 0.8)0.858− 1.1 (− 1.7 ~ − 0.4)0.001− 1.1 (− 1.9 ~ − 0.4)0.003 
 Weeks 8291.5 (1.4)301.2 (1.3)282.2 (1.6)0.5 (− 0.3 ~ 1.3)0.213− 1.0 (− 1.7 ~ − 0.2)0.010− 1.5 (− 2.3 ~ − 0.6)< 0.001 
Non-hay fever symptoms< 0.001
 Weeks 4291.5 (1.1)301.7 (1.3)292.3 (1.0)− 0.5 (− 1.1 ~ 0.1)0.130− 1.2 (− 1.7 ~ − 0.6)< 0.001− 0.7 (− 1.3 ~ − 0.1)0.021 
 Weeks 8291.7 (1.3)291.5 (1.1)282.3 (1.3)− 0.1 (− 0.7 ~ 0.4)0.702− 1.0 (− 1.6 ~ − 0.5)< 0.001− 0.9 (− 1.6 ~ − 0.3)0.003 
Practical problems0.003
 Weeks 4321.9 (1.3)322.1 (1.7)322.3 (1.4)− 0.3 (− 1.2 ~ 0.6)0.539− 1.0 (− 1.9 ~ − 0.2)0.018− 0.7 (− 1.6 ~ 0.1)0.095 
 Weeks 8292.1 (1.4)301.9 (1.3)282.7 (1.7)0.1 (− 0.6 ~ 0.9)0.754− 1.2 (− 1.9 ~ − 0.4)0.003− 1.3 (− 2.0 ~ − 0.5)0.001 
Nasal symptoms0.003
 Weeks 4291.9 (0.9)302.1 (1.3)292.7 (1.1)− 0.6 (− 1.2 ~ 0.1)0.082− 1.3 (− 1.9 ~ − 0.6)< 0.001− 0.7 (− 1.3 ~ − 0.1)0.033 
 Weeks 8292.2 (1.1)302.1 (1.3)282.8 (1.3)− 0.2 (− 0.8 ~ 0.4)0.482− 1.0 (− 1.6 ~ − 0.4)0.002− 0.8 (− 1.4 ~ − 0.1)0.017 
Eye symptoms< 0.001
 Weeks 4291.0 (1.0)301.1 (1.4)291.4 (1.4)− 0.4 (− 0.9 ~ 0.1)0.135− 1.0 (− 1.6 ~ − 0.4)0.001− 0.6 (− 1.2 ~ − 0.1)0.024 
 Weeks 8291.5 (1.1)300.9 (1.0)281.7 (1.4)0.3 (− 0.3 ~ 0.8)0.346− 0.9 (− 1.4 ~ − 0.3)0.002− 1.1 (− 1.7 ~ − 0.6)< 0.001 
Emotion0.001
 Weeks 4290.8 (0.9)301.2 (1.3)291.8 (1.4)− 0.1 (− 0.7 ~ 0.4)0.648− 0.9 (− 1.5 ~ − 0.3)0.003− 0.8 (− 1.4 ~ − 0.2)0.011 
 Weeks 8291.0 (1.2)301.0 (1.1)281.9 (1.4)0.3 (− 0.3 ~ 0.9)0.294− 0.8 (− 1.4 ~ − 0.2)0.006− 1.2 (− 1.8 ~ − 0.6)< 0.001 
  1. *GEE model, comparing change from baseline between groups, model: intercept, group, visit, gender, group by visit interaction effect
  2. +GEE model, p-value of group by visit interaction effect