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Table 2 Practice and regulation of TCM in Brazil and Portugal

From: The internationalization of TCM towards Portuguese-speaking countries

  National Policy Regulation on TCM Regulatory authority for TCM practitioners Regulation on TCM practitioners License or certificate Education Health insurance
Brazil National Policy for Integrative and Complementary Practices (PNPIC) [23] RDC 21/2014: regulate TCM products [25]
RDC 26/2014: registration of herbal medicine [24]
Regional councils [26] Ordinance GM/MS No.971: establish the health professionals qualified to use TCM therapy within SUS [23] TCM license or certificate is required for practice, registered with regional councils [26] University level [29]
Professional training [30]
Covered by both public and private health insurance [1]
Portugal   Law nº45/2003: establish the legal framework for acupuncture [32]
Law nº71/2013: establish the legal framework for TCM [34]
Central Administration of the Health System (ACSS) [40] Law nº71/2013: establish the emission of professional licenses to practitioners [34]
Ordinance 207-G/2014: establish and characterize the functional content for the degree of TCM Specialist [35]
Ordinance 207-F/2014: establish and characterize the functional content for the degree of acupuncturist [36]
Ordinance 181/2014: establish the time period and criteria for practitioners to apply for professional license [39]
Undergraduate level degree [37, 38]
Transitory system for existing non-university level practitioners [39]
Ordinance 172-C/2015: establish legal requirements to be satisfied by the study cycle for Acupuncture degree [37]
Ordinance 45/2018: establish legal requirements to be satisfied by the study cycle for TCM Specialist degree [38]
Covered partially by some private health insurance [1]