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Table 2 A summary of traditional preparations of mineral drugs

From: Mineral medicine: from traditional drugs to multifunctional delivery systems

Preparation Chinese patent medicine Mineral medicines Pharmacological action Clinical application
Decoction Baihu decoction Gypsum Clearing heat and promoting fluid production Viral cold high fever, acute cerebral hemorrhage, infectious diseases, etc
Zhengan Xifeng decoction Os Draconis Suppressing hyperactive liver for calming endogenous wind and nourishing yin for suppressing hyperactive yang Hypertension, cerebrovascular disease, chronic gastritis, intractable insomnia, etc
Dachengqi decoction Mirabilite Completed under the hot junction Simple intestinal obstruction, adhesive intestinal obstruction, acute cholecystitis, acute pancreatitis, etc
Bixie Shenshi decoction Talc Clearing heat and cooling blood and promoting diuresis Gout, mycotic vaginitis, acute eczema, erythema nodosum, lower limb erysipelas
Cream soup Os Draconis Relieving diarrhea with astringents Chyluria, etc
Chishizhi Yuyuliang decoction Halloysite, Limonite Astringing the intestine and arresting proptosis Diarrhea, functional uterine bleeding, chronic enteritis, metrorrhagia, etc
Guizhi Gancao Longgu Muli decoction Os Draconis Anti-depression, amelioration of menopausal syndrome Insomnia, spontaneous sweating, night sweats, etc
Jianling decoction Ochre, Os Draconis Nourishing yin for tranquillization and suppressing hyperactive liver for calming endogenous wind Hypertension, cardiac neurosis hemorrhagic sinusitis, migraine, intractable hiccup, etc
Ephedra Almond Licorice Plaster decoction Gypsum Antiviral, antipyretic, antitussive, expectorant, diuretic, sedative et al Community-acquired pneumonia, pediatric acute bronchopneumonia, etc
Zhuling decoction Talc Diuretic, antibacterial, improve renal function, inhibit the formation of kidney stones Recurrent urinary tract infection, ascites due to hepatitis B cirrhosis, brain injury, etc
Daqinjiao decoction Gypsum Anti-inflammatory Gout, rheumatoid arthritis, facial palsy, scapulohumeral periarthritis, etc
Xuanbai Chengqi decoction Gypsum Ventilating lung qi for dissipating phlegm and purgation Pulmonary heart disease, asthma, bronchiectasis, lung abscess, etc
Dahuang Mudan decoction Mirabilite Clearing heat for detumescence Acute simple appendicitis, pelvic inflammation
Xuanfu Daizhe decoction Ochre Harmonizing stomach for descending adverse qi Gastritis, gastric distension, pyloric insufficiency, nervous hiccup, etc
Huanglong decoction Mirabilite Clearing intestinal heat, replenishing qi, and nourishing blood Typhoid fever, epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis, senile intestinal obstruction, etc
Pill Jiebiao Zhuifeng pills Cinnabar, Realgar Dispel wind and dispel exterior, strengthen stomach and balance Headache with wind-cold and cough
Fangfeng Tongsheng pills Mirabilite, Talc, Gypsum Relieving superficies and catharsis and clearing heat and removing toxicity Cold, trigeminal neuralgia, acute shigellosis, acute conjunctivitis, etc
Niuhuang Qingwei pills Gypsum Improve gastrointestinal function and has a certain analgesic effect Tonsillitis, gingivitis, recurrent oral ulcers, acute pharyngitis
Niuhuangzhibao pills Gypsum, Mirabilite, Realgar Clearing heat-fire and facitating feces excretion Functional constipation
Liushen pills Realgar Antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, anti-convulsive, sedative, and enhance immunity Chronic pharyngitis, chronic hepatitis, upper gastrointestinal cancer, leukemia, etc
Jiuzhi Qingxin pills Cinnabar, Realgar Clearing heat-fire and facitating feces excretion Dizziness, mouth and nose sores, sore throat, constipation knots, etc
Liangge pills Gypsum, Mirabilite Anti-inflammatory and antipyretic Sore mouth and tongue, hematemesis, cough, sore throat, etc
Qingwei Huangliang pills Gypsum Antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-viral Stomatitis, periodontitis, and oral ulcer
Huanglian Shangqing pills Gypsum Antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, analgesic Acute stomatitis, acute conjunctivitis, acute gastroenteritis, toothache mouth ulcer, etc
Fufang Niuhuang Qingwei pillls Gypsum, Mirabilite Antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-viral Acute pharyngitis, tonsillitis, oral ulcer, and periodontitis
Daochi pills Talc Antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, diuretic, antipyretic, anti-platelet aggregation, hemostasis Stomatitis, urethritis, acute and chronic pyelonephritis, urinary calculi
Jinsuo Gujing pills Os Draconis Decrease urine protein, regulate blood lipid and improve pathological changes of renal tissue Male neurosis effects, chronic cervicitis, intractable night sweats, etc
Wan`s Niuhuang Qingxin pills Cinnabar Clearing away the heat-evil and calming down Japanese encephalitis, pertussis complicated with meningoencephalitis, etc
Niuhuang Qingxin pills Cinnabar, Realgar Sedation, anti-convulsion, antipyretic, antihypertensive, improve hypoxia tolerance Severe amnesia, aphthous stomatitis, intractable hiccups
Angong Niuhuang pills Cinnabar, Realgar A calm, strong heart, protect brain tissue, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-pathogenic microorganisms Japanese encephalitis, toxic pneumonia, high fever and coma caused by infection or poisoning, etc
Suhexiang pills Cinnabar Dilate coronary artery, increase coronary flow, slow heart rate, reduce myocardial oxygen consumption, etc Coronary heart disease angina, myocardial infarction, acute cerebrovascular disease, epilepsy, etc
Mengshi Guntan pills Mica-schist Dispelling phlegm, relieving asthma and sedation, etc Stroke, schizophrenia, epilepsy, migraines, neurosis effects
Medical pills Cinnabar, Realgar, Alum Sedation, analgesia, anticonvulsants, etc Epilepsy, manic psychosis
Baizi Yangxin pills Cinnabar Inhibit the central nervous and play sedation, hypnosis, diazepam, anti-convulsion Neurasthenia, memory loss, schizophrenia, menopause, hyperthyroidism, heart disease, etc
Cizhu pills Magnetite, Cinnabar Nourishing blood for improving eyesight and tranquillization For epilepsy, tinnitus, insomnia, and so on
Tianwang Buxin pills Cinnabar Anti-myocardial infarction, enhance the body’s immune function, sedation, anti-convulsion, anti-arrhythmia, etc Low blood pressure, insomnia, psychosis, hyperthyroidism, climacteric syndrome, chronic conjunctivitis, myocarditis, tuberculosis, hypertension, etc
Zhusha Anshen pills Cinnabar Sedative-hypnotic, antiarrhythmic, anticonvulsant, antipyretic and analgesic, etc Neurasthenia, schizophrenia, epilepsy, myocarditis, etc
Naoliqing pills Magnetite, Ochre Lower blood pressure, sedation, antiemetic, vasodilator, etc High blood pressure, arteriosclerosis, etc
Zaizao pills Cinnabar Anti-coagulation, improve microcirculation, anti-inflammation, etc Stroke, hemiplegia, numbness of hands and feet, pain and convulsion, etc
Gejie Dingchuan pills Gypsum Antitussive, expectorant, anti-asthmatic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, enhance immune function Bronchitis, asthma, tuberculosis, etc
Suoyang Gujing pills Os Draconis, Halite Treatment of kidney deficiency Male sexual neurosis effects, prostatitis, infertility, etc
Shixiang Fansheng pills Cinnabar, Mica-schist Dissipating phlegm for resuscitation and tranquillization Hysteria, neurosis effects, shock, epilepsy, schizophrenia, depression, seizures, etc
Powder Liuyi powder Talc Clear away heat and facilitate urination Heat and dampness caused by fever, external treatment of prickly heat, etc
Qili powder Cinnabar Remove stasis and detumescence, relieve pain and stop bleeding Soft tissue injury, and other infectious, purulent diseases, etc
Zixue powder Gypsum, Talc, Magnetite, Cinnabar, Mirabilite, North Calcium Antipyretic, anticonvulsant, sedative, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory Japanese encephalitis, sepsis, acute zinc phosphide poisoning, etc
Biwen powder Cinnabar Get rid of the heat and the pain Summer heat stroke, motion sickness, seasickness
Bingpeng powder Cinnabar, Borax, Sodium sulfate powder Anti-inflammatory, anti-fungal, analgesic, etc Gingival swelling and pain, tonsillitis, oral ulcers, mumps, herpes zoster, fungal vaginitis, and cervical erosion