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Table 2 Integration effects of rhubarb on the basis of factor analysis (n = 6 ~ 8, mean ± SD)

From: Fuzzy identification of bioactive components for different efficacies of rhubarb by the back propagation neural network association analysis of UPLC-Q-TOF/MSE and integrated effects

Groups E1 E2 E3 E4 E5
Control (2.08 ± 0.28) (− 2.53 ± 1.96) (− 1.24 ± 3.53) (1.89 ± 0.60) (− 1.07 ± 2.78)
Model (− 5.48 ± 1.96)### (5.39 ± 3.77)### (4.40 ± 3.62)# (− 0.89 ± 1.86)## (5.40 ± 2.36)###
Positive (1.65 ± 3.91)*** (0.01 ± 2.12)*** (− 0.88 ± 2.32)** (1.70 ± 1.78)* (− 0.48 ± 3.09)**
water-S (− 0.58 ± 2.56)*** (− 0.32 ± 3.04)** (2.65 ± 3.50) (0.62 ± 1.77) (3.60 ± 1.53)
water-L (− 0.35 ± 1.67)*** (0.12 ± 0.42)** (1.22 ± 2.90) (1.92 ± 2.34)* (2.70 ± 3.69)
10%-S (0.87 ± 0.80)*** (− 0.83 ± 1.89)*** (2.27 ± 2.72) (1.60 ± 3.66) (3.22 ± 1.77)
10%-L (0.02 ± 2.53)*** (0.30 ± 0.38)** (0.91 ± 2.04) (0.77 ± 0.63) (1.10 ± 4.00)*
20%-S (0.29 ± 2.42)*** (0.64 ± 3.21)** (1.65 ± 3.36) (0.08 ± 1.24) (1.27 ± 3.26)*
20%-L (0.52 ± 2.09)*** (1.93 ± 2.98)* (− 0.82 ± 3.59)* (0.01 ± 1.80) (0.45 ± 2.58)**
35%-S (0.09 ± 3.00)*** (1.22 ± 3.76)* (− 0.60 ± 4.00)* (− 0.98 ± 2.97) (0.35 ± 3.84)**
35%-L (0.80 ± 2.55)*** (1.48 ± 3.52)* (− 0.50 ± 1.44)* (− 0.33 ± 0.74) (− 0.97 ± 1.73)***
50%-S (− 0.55 ± 2.25)*** (− 0.11 ± 2.62)** (− 0.27 ± 3.83)* (− 0.94 ± 3.69) (− 0.21 ± 3.89)**
50%-L (0.13 ± 2.98)*** (1.10 ± 2.48)* (− 0.82 ± 1.42)* (− 0.17 ± 2.32) (− 1.01 ± 2.29)***
65%-S (− 1.84 ± 2.63)** (− 1.10 ± 3.09)*** (− 0.61 ± 2.24)* (− 0.69 ± 3.38) (− 0.32 ± 2.39)***
65%-L (− 0.29 ± 3.30)** (-0.53 ± 2.24)*** (− 1.92 ± 2.01)** (− 0.66 ± 2.06) (− 1.55 ± 3.29)***
80%-S (− 0.67 ± 3.18)** (− 1.38 ± 2.57)*** (− 0.12 ± 3.36)* (− 0.52 ± 2.21) (0.14 ± 3.88)**
80%-L (0.47 ± 3.49)*** (− 0.76 ± 3.02)** (− 1.71 ± 2.02)** (0.89 ± 2.31) (− 0.37 ± 3.48)**
90%-S (1.00 ± 3.00)*** (− 1.43 ± 2.71)*** (− 2.25 ± 2.69)** (1.58 ± 1.49)* (− 0.76 ± 3.76)**
90%-L (0.47 ± 2.38)*** (− 2.11 ± 1.25)*** (− 2.40 ± 3.29)** (0.66 ± 1.79) (− 0.42 ± 3.00)***
ethanol-S (1.42 ± 3.08)*** (− 3.39 ± 1.99)*** (− 1.96 ± 2.34)** (1.22 ± 2.91) (− 0.49 ± 3.86)**
ethanol-L (2.19 ± 3.40)*** (− 2.61 ± 0.61)*** (− 1.25 ± 1.54)** (0.98 ± 1.44) (0.08 ± 3.96)**
  1. # P < 0.05, ## P < 0.01, ### P < 0.001 compared with the Control;
  2. * P < 0.05, ** P < 0.01, *** P < 0.001 compared with the Model